(Amendment integrated into c. P-34.1, s. 82). 1641). An originating application must be served on the defendant and the other parties. They must be called at least 10 days before the time at which they are scheduled to attend at court, unless there are urgent circumstances and the judge or court clerk shortens the notification period. If the interested persons do not continue the proceeding, a party may give them a formal notice to do so. Once the proceeding has ended, the parties must retrieve the exhibits they have filed; otherwise, the court clerk may destroy them one year after the date on which the judgment becomes final or the date of the pleading terminating the proceeding. A debtor whose income consists in earnings as a self-employed worker or is received from an employer not resident in Québec must, to benefit from exemption from seizure for a portion of that income, enter into an agreement with the bailiff to pay in instalments over the period of time they determine, which may exceed the one year prescribed in article 663, or make a voluntary deposit undertaking with the court clerk. Defending an application, whether orally or in writing, consists in raising all the grounds of law or fact that argue against granting in whole or in part the conclusions sought in the application. On such notification, the bailiff stays the distribution proceedings either entirely or only for the contested claim and subsequent claims. Whether in a contentious or non-contentious proceeding, the court, even on its own initiative, may order representation if the court considers it necessary to safeguard the rights and interests of a minor or those of a person of full age not represented by a tutor, a curator or a mandatary and considered incapable by the court. Admission of the opposition stays the solemnization of the marriage or civil union. sincere his motive may be.". Legal persons and groups may be represented by such a mandatary for the purpose of participating in the distribution of money derived from an execution measure. On the bailiff’s request or on the court clerk’s order, the garnishee is required to deliver the debtor’s property that is in the garnishee’s possession to the bailiff. If the garnishee’s debt is payable at a future time, the garnishee must, at maturity, pay to the bailiff what the garnishee owes to the debtor. An application concerning a person of full age who resides in a health or social services institution may also be brought before the court of the place where the institution is situated, the court of the person’s former domicile or residence, or the court of the plaintiff’s domicile. The court seized of an application may delegate the responsibility of hearing the person of full age or the minor, and of drawing up minutes recording their answers, to a judge or a court clerk in the judicial district of the person’s residence or, at the parties’ expense, to a notary practising in that district. At any stage of a class action, the court may order a notice to be published or notified to the class members if it considers it necessary for the protection of their rights. However, the notification period cannot be shortened to less than 24 hours. Briefs must be filed with the office of the Court of Appeal and notified to the other parties to the proceeding within the time limit specified in the appeal management decision made by an appellate judge or, in the absence of such a decision, within three months after the notice of appeal is filed in the appellant’s case and within the following two months in the respondent’s case. If the party does not obey the order, the evidence is deemed identified, unless the court relieves the party from the default before the judgment is rendered. Its execution, as regards both the principal and any legal costs, is carried out by the court of first instance. As well, the court may order that two or more proceedings pending before it, whether or not they involve the same parties, be consolidated in order to be tried at the same time and determined on the same evidence, that the evidence in one of the proceedings be used in another or that one of the proceedings be tried and determined before the others. The court, after hearing the parties, may punish substantial breaches noted in the conduct of the proceeding by ordering a party to pay to another party, as legal costs, an amount that it considers fair and reasonable to cover the professional fees of the other party’s lawyer or, if the other party is not represented by a lawyer, to compensate the other party for the time spent on the case and the work involved. If one of the owners does not accept the boundary determination report, that owner, within one month after the notification of the report, may ask the court to rule on the boundary determination and determine the boundary lines of the immovables. The time limit for opting out is a strict time limit, although a class member, with leave of the court, may opt out after its expiry on proving that it was impossible in fact for the class member to act sooner. In the latter case, they must file a notice of settlement with the court office without delay. The bailiff may seek an expert appraisal if the nature or value of the property justifies doing so. 54598). Except in the case of lack or excess of jurisdiction, judicial review is available only if the judgment or the decision cannot be appealed or contested. A judge who, after taking a case under advisement, notes that a rule of law or a principle material to the outcome of the case was not debated during the trial must give the parties an opportunity to make submissions in the manner the judge considers most appropriate. The court may limit an intervenor’s right to file a pleading or participate in the trial. The court clerk or the notary issues certified copies of letters of verification to any interested person on request. For that purpose, the court may convene and hear the parties, together or separately, in the presence of their lawyers or, as applicable, of the notary presenting the joint application on a draft agreement. The notice of hearing mentions that a party may, on request, examine the exhibits and the documents filed with the court office by the other parties and obtain copies of them. A party may give another party a formal notice to admit the origin of a document or the integrity of the information it contains. 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