The Medieval Castle and the underground War Museum are the most impressive sights on the island, while a walk along the portside under the moonlight will leave you with the most romantic impressions from your summer holidays. [6], The transfer of the name to the present-day Dodecanese has its roots in the Ottoman period. The Knights made Rhodes their stronghold, transforming its capital into a grandiose medieval city dominated by an impressive fortress, and scattered fortresses and citadels through the rest of the islands as well. Dodecanese, Modern Greek Dodekánisa, group of islands in the Aegean Sea, off the southwestern coast of Turkey in southeastern Greece.The islands constituted a nomós (department) until 2011, when local government in Greece was reorganized and the islands were divided among four new perifereiakés enótites (regional units) in the South Aegean (Modern Greek: Nótio Aigaío) periféreia. In 164 BC, Rhodes signed a treaty with Rome, and the islands became aligned to greater or lesser extent with the Roman Republic while mostly maintaining their autonomy. Its small villages and secluded beaches attract tourists that are looking for an alternative destination. Following the death of Alexander, the islands, and even Rhodes itself, were split up among the many generals who contended to succeed him. Karpathos is surely among the Dodecanese best islands, due to its unspoiled natural beauty and peaceful atmosphere. The Dodecanese islands are located on the southeastern side of Greece, between the Cyclades and the coasts of Turkey. The Fascist program, in its many attempts to modernize the islands, eradicated malaria, and constructed hospitals, aqueducts, a power plant to provide Rhodes' capital with electric lighting, and established the Dodecanese Cadastre. Due to this wild rocksides, Kalymnos has developed over the last years as a popular rock climbing destination. 4. The Italian occupation authorities helped to establish the term when they named the islands under their control "Rhodes and the Dodecanese" (Rodi e Dodecaneso), adding Leipsoi to the list of the major islands to make up for considering Rhodes separately. Greeka? Although Rhodes and Kos are the most popular islands of Dodecanese, we suggest a trip to the less known islands to get a better view of this amazing complex. It is in the Dorian period that they began to prosper as an independent entity, developing a thriving economy and culture through the following centuries. Dodekanisos Seaways provides ferry crossings between the Dodecanese, North Aegean Islands and Turkey. The place of the latter two was taken by Kos and Rhodes, bringing the number of the major islands under Italian rule back to twelve. Palace of the Grand Master of the Knights of Rhodes, "German surrender of the Dodecanese islands", "His beatitude, the Patriarch of Jerusalem, at the ceremony of the 70th incorporation anniversary of the dodecanese within Greece", "Η μακρά περιπέτεια των Δωδεκανήσων μέχρι να έρθουν στην Ελλάδα", "Ρόδος! Bags feeling light? By Suleiman's edict, they paid a special tax in return for a special autonomous status that prohibited Ottoman generals from interfering in their civil affairs or mistreating the population. The Dodecanese (UK: /ˌdoʊdɪkəˈniːz/, US: /doʊˌdɛkəˈniːz/; Greek: Δωδεκάνησα, Dodekánisa [ðoðeˈkanisa], literally "twelve islands") are a group of 15 larger plus 150 smaller Greek islands in the southeastern Aegean Sea and Eastern Mediterranean, off the coast of Turkey's Anatolia, of which 26 are inhabited. These were eventually lost in 42 BC, in the turmoil following the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 BC, after which Cassius invaded and sacked the islands. Nisyros is a beautiful little island, which belongs to the Dodecanese island chain. Peter Saundry, C.Michael Hogan & Steve Baum. Other islands in the Dodecanese also developed into significant economic and cultural centers; most notably, Kos served as the site of the school of medicine founded by Hippocrates. Rhodes has been the area's dominant island since antiquity. Most of all, you will love the Medieval Old Town. Do you have a question about Greece and the Greek islands? During World War II, Italy joined the Axis Powers, which used the Dodecanese as a naval staging area for their invasion of Crete in 1941. The Dodecanese have been inhabited since prehistoric times. The most important sightseeing of Symi is the Monastery of Panormitis, on the southern side of the island. [13], After the outbreak of the Italian-Turkish war over Libya, in early 1912 Italy, in order to apply pressure on the Ottoman government closer to its metropolitan territories, occupied all the present-day Dodecanese except for Kastellorizo.[14]. In the 13th century, with the Fourth Crusade, Italians began invading portions of the Dodecanese, which had remained under the nominal power of the Empire of Nicea; Venetians (Querini, Cornaro) and Genoese families (Vignoli) each held some islands for brief periods, while Orthodox monks ruled on Patmos and Leros. Following the downfall of the Minoans, the islands were ruled by the Mycenaean Greeks from circa 1400 BC, until the arrival of the Dorians circa 1100 BC. As the Roman Empire split in AD 395 into Eastern and Western halves, the islands became part of the Eastern part, which later evolved into the Byzantine Empire. They would remain there for nearly a thousand years, though these were punctuated by numerous invasions. Dodecanese. The Dodecanese Islands (also called Southern Sporades) are located in the southeastern part of the Aegean Sea, and have a Mediterranean climate, with mild, rainy winters and hot, sunny summers. The occupation continued after Italy declared war on the Ottoman Empire (21 August 1915) during the First World War. Titus made Rhodes capital of the Provincia Insularum, and eventually the islands were joined with Crete as part of the 18th Province of the Roman Empire. Thereafter, they became part of the Roman Empire proper. But this second period of Persian rule proved to be nearly as short as the first, and the islands became part of the rapidly growing Macedonian Empire as Alexander the Great swept through and defeated the Persians in 332 BC, to the great relief of the islands' inhabitants. In the 1st century, Saint Paul visited the islands twice, and Saint John visited numerous times; they succeeded in converting the islands to Christianity, placing them among the first dominantly Christian regions. Thanks to its small size, lack of mass tourism and long distance from Athens, Lipsi is one of those Greek islands that has emerged as a peaceful destination for relaxing holidays away from the hustle and the bustle. Entering the port of Symi, you are struck by the kaleidoscope of colour cascading down … Discover our best island hopping packages in the Dodecanese! An island with long tradition in sponge diving, Kalymnos is beautiful place with barren landscape. The treaty further outlined an exchange where Italy would receive Antalya for southwest Anatolia. Read more. 2011. The Dodecanese Prefecture was one of the prefectures of Greece. earthquakes today - recent and latest earthquakes, earthquake map and earthquake information. In fact, a rock climbing festival takes place there every year. They called the Dodecanese islands, as they are composed of twelve large islands, but there are also numerous smaller ones with crystal clear waters and sandy or pebbly beaches. Despite objections from Turkey, which desired the islands as well, they were formally united with Greece by the 1947 Peace Treaty with Italy. Nightlife is little on Tilos, as there is only one bar that opens in summer in the abandoned village of Mikro Chorio. . ; Kos is the third largest of the Dodecanese and the second most popular and touristy island after Rhodes. Due to the small size and the secluded location, tourism is not much developed. During Italian rule, the strategically well-placed islands became a focus of Italian colonial ambitions in the Eastern Mediterranean. The Germans prevailed in the Dodecanese Campaign, and although they were driven out of mainland Greece in 1944, the Dodecanese remained occupied until the end of the war in 1945, during which time nearly the entire Jewish population of 6,000 was deported and killed. The rest of the islands are more quiet and truly relaxing. By the time the Peloponnesian War ended in 404 BC, the Dodecanese were mostly removed from the larger Aegean conflicts, and had begun a period of relative quiet and prosperity. Karpathos. These have been reorganised at the 2011 Kallikratis reform as well. Earthquake information for europe. Less popular than the Cyclades and with a different style, these Greek islands stand out for their Medieval architecture and the peaceful beaches. This post was originally written in June 2014. In 1929, scholarships at the Uni… Other islands in the chain include Alimia, Arkoi, Farmakonisi, Gyali, Kinaros, Levitha, Marathos, Nimos, Pserimos, Saria, Strongyli, Syrna and Telendos. The Dodecanese owes its name to Δωδεκάνησα, twelve islands, the number of islands of the Aegeans Sea who protested against the Turkish cancellation of their historically granted right of tax exemption! Lonely Planet's guide to Dodecanese Islands. As a legacy of its former status as a jurisdiction separate from Greece, it is still considered a separate "entity" for amateur radio purposes, essentially maintaining its status as an independent country "on the air." Symi Island. Discover the gorgeous beaches of Astypalea island, Discover the gorgeous beaches of Astypalea island, READ NEXT: The term remained in use throughout the medieval period and was still used for the Cyclades in both colloquial usage and scholarly Greek-language literature until the 18th century. Upload your photos or share your experience with us! Kalymnos is a beautiful island, located between Kos and Leros, close to the coast of western Turkey. [3], The name Dōdekanēsos first appears in Byzantine sources in the 8th century, as a naval command under a droungarios, encompassing the southern Aegean Sea, which eventually evolved into the Theme of Samos. Following the defeat of the Persians by the Athenians in 478 BC, the cities joined the Athenian-dominated Delian League. You will find both organized and secluded beaches, busy waterfronts and small portsides, monasteries and ancient sites. Led by Rhodes, the islands developed into maritime, commercial and cultural centers: coins of Rhodes circulated almost everywhere in the Mediterranean, and the islands' schools of philosophy, literature and rhetoric were famous. View the Dodecanese Islands gallery. The Dodecanese islands can be reached from the Greek mainland port of Piraeus, Turkey, the island of Crete and the Cyclades Islands. Finally, however, the citadel at Rhodes fell to the large army of Suleiman the Magnificent in 1522, and the other islands were overrun within the year. Immigrant Italian speakers were a marginal language community. Of the others, Kos and Patmos are historically the more important; the remaining twelve are Agathonisi, Astypalaia, Chalki, Kalymnos, Karpathos, Kasos, Leipsoi, Leros, Nisyros, Symi, Tilos, and Kastellorizo. earthquakes today - recent and latest earthquakes, earthquake map and earthquake information. [1] They belong to the wider Southern Sporades island group. With beautiful beaches and interesting sights to visit, the islands offer something special to their guests. The overwhelmingly Greek population (only Rhodes and Kos had Turkish communities) leaned heavily towards Greece following its declaration of independence in 1822, and many of the islanders joined the Greek War of Independence, with the result that the northern portion of the Dodecanese (including Samos) became briefly the Greek provinces of the Eastern Sporades and Southern Sporades. Where to stay? In our shop. Together with the island of Kos and the cities of Knidos and Halicarnassos on the mainland of Asia Minor, these made up the Dorian Hexapolis. The Dodecanese island group lies in the south-eastern Aegean Sea, and had been under Italian control since the Italo-Turkish War in 1911. earthquakes today - recent and latest earthquakes, earthquake map and earthquake information. Less popular than the Cyclades and with a different style, these Greek islands stand out for their Medieval architecture and the peaceful beaches. The name "Dodecanese" (older form ἡ Δωδεκάνησος, hē Dōdekanēsos; modern τα Δωδεκάνησα, ta Dōdekanēsa), meaning "The Twelve Islands", denotes today an island group in the southeastern Aegean Sea, comprising fifteen major islands (Agathonisi, Astypalaia, Chalki, Kalymnos, Karpathos, Kasos, Kastellorizo, Kos, Lipsi, Leros, Nisyros, Patmos, Rhodes, Symi, and Tilos) and 93 smaller islets. Top Greek islands & Mainland Destinations, Most popular Greek islands & mainland destinations, READ NEXT: Famous as the island where Apostle John was inspired the Apocalypse, Patmos is a small island with spiritual vibes. In the Neopalatial period on Crete, the islands were heavily Minoanized (contact beginning in the second millennium BC). List of Greek islands. Where to eat? Together with the nearby islands it belongs to the Natura Network as well. Rhodes quickly became a major schooling center for Roman noble families, and, as the islands (and particularly Rhodes) were important allies of Rome, they enjoyed numerous privileges and generally friendly relations. Holidays in the Dodecanese Islands. Located on the south eastern side of the Aegean Sea, the island group of Dodecanese, in Greece, are getting very popular for summer holidays. Agathonissi is the northernmost island of the Dodecanese; it consists of three large traditional settlements (Agios Georgios, Megalo Horio and Mikro Horio). The below list of Greek Islands shows these islands in the way they are geographically distributed in clusters within the archipelagoes of Greece.This list contains the 115 largest of them as it is impossible to include in such list every tiny one since it is incredible how many Greek islands are there. This Dodecanese islands travel guide will give you all the necessary information to organize your holiday in Greece. [17], The 70th anniversary of the incorporation of the Dodecanese within Greece was marked in 2017,[18][19] with the Greek Parliament holding a special celebratory session for the event.[20]. Island-hopping by ferry, hydrofoil or catamaran is a splendid way to get into the leisurely pace. The main castle of the Knights of St. John was also rebuilt. Italy formally annexed the Dodecanese as the Possedimenti Italiani dell'Egeo under the terms of the Treaty of Lausanne. The shape of Astypalea ressembles to a butterfly. Photos | Beaches | How to get there | Where to stay | More. Mussolini embarked on a program of Italianization, hoping to make Rhodes a modern transportation hub that would serve as a focal point for the spread of Italian culture in the Levant. Until 1997, the Prefecture of the Dodecanese was subdivided into provinces: Local specialities of the Dodecanese include: Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}36°22′23″N 27°13′05″E / 36.373°N 27.218°E / 36.373; 27.218, Former prefecture in South Aegean, Greece, Location of municipalities within Dodecanese Prefecture. Thus, when the Greek press began agitating for the cession of the islands to Greece in 1913, the term used was still the "Dodecanese". Our services are rated The majestic capital of Astypalea island. In 1915, the French also occupied Kastellorizo. Today, Rhodes[21] and the Dodecanese are popular travel destinations. An island great for calm family vacations, Leros is a small island with relaxing atmosphere. We use cookies to offer you a better browsing experience and to analyze site traffic. These massive fortifications proved sufficient to repel invasions by the Sultan of Egypt in 1444 and Mehmed II in 1480. These guarantees, combined with a strategic location at the crossroads of Mediterranean shipping, allowed the islands to prosper. Read more about Dodecanese Islands. The tiny island of Simi is regularly visited as a day trip from Rhodes or for a short summer break. A guide to Symi island, Greece. It has emerged as a great alternative destination. And more? The Dodecanese or Dodekanisa which translates as twelve islands is a group of 12 larger islands and 150 smaller ones set in the heart of south-eastern Aegean. The Colossus of Rhodes, built in 304 BC, perhaps best symbolized their wealth and power. With romantic atmosphere and secluded beaches, Astypalea is ideal for peaceful vacations. ; Kassos; Karpathos is located between Rhodes and Crete. Please send us a request and we will rapidly answer you with a free quote! Greeka team and its community members will be delighted to help you! [2] Since Antiquity, these islands formed part of the group known as the "Southern Sporades" (Νότιες Σποράδες). The rest islands of Dodecanese, smaller in size, are considered more alternative holiday destinations. When the Peloponnesian War broke out in 431 BC, they remained largely neutral although they were still members of the League. The population was allowed to retain a number of privileges provided it submitted to Ottoman rule. Top Dodecanese Islands: See reviews and photos of islands in Dodecanese, Greece on Tripadvisor. With lovely beach resorts and relaxing vibes, Kalymnos is a nice island for family vacations. Land in dodecanese islands Greece - HomesGoFast.com Earthquake information for europe. The Greek defeat in the Greco-Turkish War and the foundation of modern Turkey prevented the exchange. [9] The islands joined Greece in 1947 following as the "Governorate-General of the Dodecanese" (Γενική Διοίκησις Δωδεκανήσου), since 1955 the "Dodecanese Prefecture" (Νομός Δωδεκανήσου).[10]. This is a list of Aegean Islands.The vast majority of the islands and islets, are Greek territory with the exception of the islets Cunda, Uzunada, Rabbit Islands, and the islands of Imbros, and Tenedos, which belong to Turkey.The Greek island Kastelorizo [circular reference], as a member of the Dodecanese Islands, is at the furthest eastern part of the Aegean sea at the borders with Levantine Sea. [8], By 1920, the name had become firmly established for the entire island group, a fact acknowledged by the Italian government when it appointed the islands' first civilian governor, Count Carlo Senni [it], as "Viceroy of the Dodecanese". A tiny island close to Rhodes, Halki distinguishes for its traditional architecture, the lovely waterfront and the secluded beaches. This is a list of islands that are part of Greece. EMSC (European Mediterranean Seismological Centre) provides real time earthquake information for seismic events with magnitude larger than 5 in the European Mediterranean area and larger than 7 in the rest of the world. Sources have variously estimated the Turkish population of Kos and Rhodes to be 5,000,[11] 6,000,[12] or 7,000. Agathonissi has a significant and vulnerable ecosystem rendering it an important habitat of rare bird species. EMSC (European Mediterranean Seismological Centre) provides real time earthquake information for seismic events with magnitude larger than 5 in the European Mediterranean area and larger than 7 in the rest of the world. In short distance from the village, there are small beaches with clean water. Walk along the paved streets of the Old Town and you will have the sense that time has stopped in the time of the Knights. Thus began a period of several hundred years in the Ottoman Empire. 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