James 4:11-12 seems to form some type of closing summary about the improper use of the tongue. The topic is introduced in James 1:19 but is developed in James 3:1ff. Christians are brethren. And to break God's commands, is to speak evil of them, and to judge them, as if they laid too great a restraint upon us. Chapter 4 begins by addressing this worldly wisdom’s affect on the brethren James is addressing. (James 4:17) Summary of James 5. James 4 - Submitting To God. James 4. James continues to give direct advice for Christians. The sermonic nature of this epistle is quite pronounced in this chapter, as in the third. 2 My brothers, 1 w show no partiality as you hold the faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, x the Lord of glory. That is why Scripture says: 'God opposes the proud but gives grace to the humble.' Chapter 4 tells us what gets in the way in our relationship with God—and we know from our own experiences how these things also affect our relationships with other people. BAGD 770. Commentary on James 4:11-17 (Read James 4:11-17) Our lips must be governed by the law of kindness, as well as truth and justice. We are reminded to humble ourselves before God so that He can exalt us. “More probably is the view that James was not citing a particular passage but summarizing the truth expressed in several Old Testament passages.” (Hiebert) ii. i. (James 4:6-7) "Humble yourselves before the Lord, and he will lift you up." James chapter 3 ended with a comparison of earthly and heavenly wisdom. There is fighting among them, which is a direct result of worldly wisdom (James 3:15-16). • In Chapters 4-5, James gives wise instruction to believers. The Sin of Partiality. James 4:2 "Ye lust, and have not: ye kill, and desire to have, and cannot obtain: ye fight and war, yet ye have not, because ye ask not." James had in mind actual murder and the gamut of sins (hate, anger, bitterness), leading up to it. James 4:1.The crimes condemned in this and the following chapter were so atrocious, and of so public a nature, that we can hardly suppose them to have been committed by any who bore the name of Christians. In the last chapter James stresses the weight and magnitude of prayer for every believer. Read James 4:1-17. BAGD 685. James advises to submit to God and resist the devil and his schemes. 3. James 4:17 is also some type of closing summary, but its exact relevance to the context is uncertain. James 4 describes the war that rages between friendship with the world and life in God. He said, “Submit to God, resist the devil and he will flee from you” (4:7). "More probably is the view that James was not citing a particular passage but summarizing the truth expressed in several Old Testament passages." (James 4:10) References. (James 4:4) "But he gives us more grace. (Hiebert) i. “Kill”, here meaning murder, is the ultimate result of thwarted desires. Submit yourselves, then, to God. 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