But it is difficult, if not impossible, to fix on the correct reading, there being so many variations affecting both the sense and the connection. Less than this is bondage, more than this is looseness. Sinai formed a visible and imposing link between the race of Ishmael and the Mosaic law-giving. Rebuilding the Temple under Haggai and Zechariah 5:1-2 Tattenai's Opposition and Letter to Darius 5:3-17 Darius finds Cyrus' Degree and Replies 6:1-12 Completion of the Temple 6:13-15 Dedication of the Temple 6:16-18 Celebration of the Passover 6:19-22 Ezra the Scribe Sent to Teach the People 7:1-10 One was the child of nature, the other was the son of a spiritual faith. Jerusalem and Rome may strive to imprison it. The first clause of Galatians 4:25 is best understood in the shorter, marginal reading of the R. V, also preferred by Bishop Lightfoot ( το γαρ σινα ορος εστιν k.t.l.). ἡμᾶς Χριστὸς ἠλευθέρωσεν So Romans 8:2. Were we under the curse of the broken law? The contrary was the case. Here worship was offered, atonement made, the presence of God manifested. By this precept, the apostle likewise condemns the superstitious bodily services enjoined by the Church of Rome, which are really of the same nature with those prescribed by Moses, with this difference, that none of them are of divine appointment.” — Macknight. Ajax, 944; Sept. Song of Solomon 5:1. Such is the soul of man, that all that in his horizon falls within the compass of time, however long--or of a present life however full--that man’s circle being small, compared to his own consciousness of his own capability, through that disproportion, he feels a limitation. Now, lest anyone get the wrong picture of the law, be sure to understand that it is an ensnarement to the believer and the believer only. At different stages of maturity new codes are instituted, but some of the same commandments appear often. Under this cloak, our adversaries raise a prejudice against us among ignorant people, as if the whole object of our pursuit were licentiousness, which is the relaxation of all discipline. "Tell me," the Apostle asks, "you that would fain be subject to the law, do you not know what it relates concerning Abraham? "Why tempt ye God, to put a yoke upon the neck of the disciples which neither our fathers nor we were able to bear?" Once more it is claimed that the OT supports Paul. This is civil liberty. II. You are in danger of being held in, fastened and restrained, by the yoke. The oldest manuscripts read, “in liberty (so Alford, Moberley, Humphry, and Ellicott. He is a citizen of the heavenly Zion, breathing the air of a Divine freedom. (H. H. This is either in things of a civil nature, or of a spiritual nature. ), The phrase alludes to the duties of soldiers on military service. Let us see how Christ gives ‘liberty,’ and what that ‘liberty’ is. At Eton, under Keate, it; was thought quite fair to deceive a master. Here note, 1. The Treasury of David. Now he can go—as Christ’s freedman—with a spring—to better things to come. BibliographyMeyer, Heinrich. Note, 3. 5 (Galatians 5:1), is the application of the allegory. Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. Hence Paul bids them to cling to their freedom in Christ, and not to be brought again under the yoke by being drawn under the Jewish law. Gal . He therefore, by imparting faith to our souls, translates us from the one to the other; and both liberates from all the evils of the former, and conveys to us all the blessings of the latter. Genesis 9:3). 1. An interesting suggestion has been made to the effect that the verb rendered "answereth to" means "has the same numerical value as." Faith, he had told his readers, had made them sons of God. With liberty did Christ make you free (i.e. and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage. Other boys, much wiser than he was, had gone and got out of the mischief. Mostly in Paul. And that is ‘liberty’ from the past ‘wherewith Christ hath made us free’—the purchase of His cross, the gift of His throne. The worth of our Christian liberty cannot be exaggerated. Bondage under Satan, who keeps unrepentant sinners in his snare. In Isaiah’s song, "Rejoice, thou barren that bearest not" (54. Ver. It is a matter that involves everlasting liberty or everlasting slavery. Civil liberty, though the inalienable right of every man, has been secured as the result of great struggle and suffering. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/galatians-5.html. The gentleman took him into his service, and he never had a more faithful servant. Search StudyLight.org. Peter, in his speech at the Council of Jerusalem, likewise calls the law of Moses a ‘yoke,’ which ‘neither our fathers nor we could bear,’ Acts 15:10. And to this footing the Galatian Churches would be brought if they yielded to the Judaistic solicitations. Ver. As he beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so will he, if possible, turn you from the simplicity that is in Christ [Note: 2 Corinthians 11:3. To die will be a very little thing. The Gr. Galatians 5:1-26. In their case this was but the survival of a past order, in principle acknowledged to be obsolete. This is indeed a marvelous liberty, to have the sovereign God for our Friend and Father who will defend, maintain, and save us in this life and in the life to come. S. P.]. (1) Stand fast therefore.—The external evidence is very strong in favour of a different reading: With (or, perhaps, For) liberty did Christ make us free. When a man becomes free, he assumes the duties of life, and recognizes that it rests only with himself whether those duties are performed or not. How can he be free who acts only as others choose? But this sense of liberty will not degenerate into licentiousness and unrestrained self-indulgence. and the N.T. The Apostle points out in the story of Hagar a spiritual intent, such as exists in every scene of human life if we had eyes to see it, something other than the literal relation of the facts, but nowise alien from it. V. p. 37, Reisk. How much more eagerly should we do homage and service to the divine Master, who Himself has made us free! This word in the Hebrew is evidently a play on the name Isaac, i.e., laughter, given by Sarah to her boy with genial motherly delight (Galatians 4:6-7). (J. Harding, M. The family is the germ and the mirror of society. “He became a curse for us [Note: Romans 3:13. Rights increase as the man increases--increases, that is, not merely in physical stature, or in skill of manual employment or material strength, but in character. in the yoke of bondage (better than ‘a yoke;’ an anarthrous noun or personal pronoun following another noun in the genitive often deprives that other noun of its article: e.g., τίς ἔγνω νοῦν κυρίου; 1 Corinthians 2:16; see numerous instances in Song of Solomon 5:1. Paul could not have put his conclusion in a form more unwelcome to Jewish pride. Why should Christ’s freemen put a yoke upon their own neck? (1) Stand fast therefore.—The external evidence is very strong in favour of a different reading: With (or, perhaps, For) liberty did Christ make us free. And then see to what I am admitted. "And the bondman abideth not in the house for ever; the Son abideth for ever". Accepting the W.H. He is indeed set free by the death of Christ from the ordinances of the old covenant, and he is no longer a slave; but he has been placed in a society which is governed by laws eternal in their force, and the measure of the liberty he enjoys is the good of his own soul and the well-being of his brother’s, for none of us liveth to him-self, and no man dieth to himself As Christian members in the commonwealth of Christ we possess, indeed, in its highest and holiest sense, the triple right of liberty, fraternity, equality; but the religion to which we belong is neither reactionary nor revolutionary, and our liberty must be controlled, our equality sanctified, and our fraternity blessed, by the Holy Spirit of God. Though the fears of the Law, the terrors of sin, the horror of death assail us occasionally, we know that these feelings shall not endure, because the prophet quotes God as saying: "In a little wrath I hid my face from thee for a moment: but with everlasting kindness will I have mercy on thee." Dead Judaism and ethnicism are equally Christless. (Galatians 5:1). A wealthy and kind Englishman once bought a poor negro for twenty pieces of gold. (W. II. And be not entangled again - Tyndale renders this, “And wrap not yourselves again.” The sense is, do not again allow such a yoke to be put on you; do not again become slaves to any rites, and customs, and habits. This Epistle proves it. Take we heed that it find no place among us; that while we bless our Father for the equality to which our baptism bears witness, we give no place to that insolent self-assertion which has neither dignity nor reverence. But this mode of expression does not occur elsewhere with Paul, not even in 1 Thessalonians 3:9. He gives me an independence and a manliness which is my strength. The low-bred insolence which the serving-woman, in the prospect of becoming a mother, showed toward the mistress to whom she owed her preferment, gave a foretaste of the unhappy consequences. Galatians, A Study Guide - From The Executable Outlines Series by Mark A. Copeland - Hundreds of free sermon outlines and Bible study materials available for online browsing and downloading. It teaches us to do good, but leaves us to devise for ourselves the means by which we may best serve mankind." 1. Let this represent liberty-spiritual--the union of the soul with its Maker. [1 Thessalonians 2:16] Year by year they became more hardened against spiritual truth, more malignant towards Christianity, and more furious and fanatical in their hatred towards their civil rulers. ᾗ might also (with the Vulgate, Luther, Beza, Calvin, Piscator, Rückert, Schott, Hilgenfeld, Wieseler, and many others) be taken as ablative (instrumentally): “qua nos liberavit,” after the analogy of the classical expressions ζῆν βίῳ, ὗσαι ὕδατι κ. τ. λ. They were ambitious of Jewish privileges. But if we are careless and indifferent we shall lose them. But what is the force of the word again, in the exhortation, “and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage?” for the Galatians had never lived under the law. Acts 15:10; 1 Timothy 6:1)." 2. We are children of the free woman-beyond doubt it is; for liberty Christ did free us:5:13; John 8:36. 2. With the Allegorists the spiritual sense, arrived at by a priori means, replaces the historical, destroyed to make room for it. When the day of judgment comes, whether for men or nations, this is the touchstone: Have we, or have we not "the Spirit of God’s Son"? The law was our guardian (Galatians 3:24-25), to watch over us when we were still “children.” The law’s effect on our corrupt nature was to … The boast, "we are Abraham’s sons; we were never in bondage," [John 8:33] was anunconscious irony. Once they had been under bondage to a heathen yoke (Galatians 4:8); to accept the Jewish yoke would be a second bondage. 1330; Plat. For freedom, in order that we should be free and should remain so, that we should not again become subject to bondage, Christ has set us free (Galatians 4:1-7), namely, from the bondage of the στοιχεῖα τοῦ κόσμου (Galatians 4:3). Well does Paul, then, warn the Galatians, not to be entangled again with the yoke of bondage, — that is, not to allow a snare to be laid for their consciences. Galatians 5:25,26 Advice to walk in the Spirit, and not in vain glorious, liberty here spoken of, is a right which a person hath to action, that he may do or forbear the doing of things at his pleasure, as he apprehends them suitable or not, without the let or hinderance of another. It is the singular act of Christ which gives us the liberty in which we do and should stand firm. Galatians 5:1. The gospel sets man free from a bondage beneath which a loving obedience is impossible, in order that, being free, he may serve God in the spirit of Christian liberty. When they come, they will bring their own escapes and their own balances. Jesus Christ by His obedience and death has purchased freedom and liberty to His Church—liberty not to do evil, nor from the yoke of new obedience, nor from the cross, nor from that obedience and reverence which inferiors owe to superiors; but from the dominion of sin, the tyranny of Satan, the curse and irritating power of the law, and from subjecting our consciences to the rites, doctrines, ceremonies, and laws of men in the matter of worship. A second quasi-allegory is intertwined with the first. "Commentary on Galatians 5:1". We can live against God, but we ought not. 1. The Galatians had been mostly Gentiles; yet St. Paul’s again implies that their fall into a Judaism is simply a relapse into a ritualism now null, and essentially to be identified with the heathen ritualism they had left. “Though the Spirit … hope of righteousness”: means that by the Holy Spirit’s help, which is obtained “by faith,” believers “wait for the hope of righteousness,” that is, live the Christian life awaiting the consummation of their salvation. God means us to learn from this! Obedience to oneself; obedience to a law which is written in a man’s own heart. We are in bondage to the ceremonial law.—To feel this bondage is a step out of it; not to feel it is to be plunged into it. But Paul bluntly points out that the ordinances of the law as demanded by the Judaizers constitute a slave"s yoke, so that he uses the word in the bad sense of an imposed burden, like slavery (cf. All the promises are mine. We are to hold fast our liberty in the day of trial.—. For examples in the papyri see Moulton and Milligan (Expositor, VII. The voice of rejoicing is heard again in the dwellings of Israel. Video Galatians 5:16-26; Life in the Spirit: To experience true freedom in our relationships with one another, we must reflect the fruit of the Spirit. We must labour that religion be not only in mind and memory, but rooted in the heart. John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. A. Stand fast, therefore, and be not entangled again in a yoke of bondage” (namely, the law, Galatians 4:24; Acts 15:10). No legalist could understand words like these. "The wild, ungovernable and pugnacious character ascribed to his descendants began to display itself in Ishmael, and to appear in language of provoking insolence; offended at the comparative indifference with which he was treated, he indulged in mockery, especially against Isaac, whose very name furnished him with satirical sneers." Similarly lxx, Genesis 27:40; Leviticus 26:13; 2 Chronicles 10:4, 2 Chronicles 10:9, 2 Chronicles 10:10, 2 Chronicles 10:11, 2 Chronicles 10:14. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/galatians-5.html. By the efficacy of His Spirit—assuring us of our adoption, and abating the strength and power of sin. There is no turning back. 2. Romans 10:4; 2 Corinthians 3:7-11; Hebrews 7:12; Galatians 3:24)? 2. And I know no other bond but His, which is the dearest to me in all the world, and that is liberty! The Expositor's Greek Testament. Christ into my heart, I am a pardoned man, I am a happy man, and I know and feel that I owe all my happiness to Him--therefore I love Him; I cannot choose but love Him; and my first desire is to please Him; to follow Him; to be like Him; to be with Him. 1.] O, think of your folly and your wickedness! When marshalled in the ranks they must stand firm, without yielding their ground, without bending their knees; when placed as sentinels they must stand upon their guard and permit no enemy to surprise them. (H. H. Neither are we speaking of civil liberty. The happy liberty and freedom from this intolerable yoke, purchased by Christ for the Christian church: Christ hath made us free. Christ to obtain heaven the translation of the Gospel which can free them that Master. Word “ stand fast therefore in the LXX turned on the old Testament. ’. Proof that Paul urges us to pay ‘ perfect freedom. ’ freedom is the tyranny fashion... 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