For the "promise" was substantially the Gospel by anticipation. The just shall live by faith--( Romans 1:17 , Habakkuk 2:4 ). added--to the original covenant of promise. 10. by--Greek, "through faith." PERFECT obedience is required by the words, "in all things." The ransom price He paid was His own precious blood ( 1 Peter 1:18 1 Peter 1:19 ; compare Matthew 20:28 , Acts 20:28 , 1 Corinthians 6:20 , 7:23 , 1 Timothy 2:6 , 2 Peter 2:1 , Revelation 5:9 ). I hear with my own ears that I cannot be saved except by the blood and death of Christ. The law is here, by personification, regarded as a second person, distinct from, and subsequent to, the promise of God. Whereas the law brings in a mediator, a third party ( Galatians 3:19 Galatians 3:20 ), God makes His covenant of promise with the one seed, Christ ( Genesis 17:7 ), and embraces others only as they are identified with, and represented by, Christ. make . CHAPTER. "But now that faith is come," &c. Moses the lawgiver cannot bring us into the heavenly Canaan though he can bring us to the border of it. Have ye suffered so many things--namely, persecution from Jews and from unbelieving fellow countrymen, incited by the Jews, at the time of your conversion. He who supplied and supplies to you the Spirit still, to the present time. 12. doeth--Many depended on the law although they did not keep it; but without doing, saith Paul, it is of no use to them ( Romans 2:13 Romans 2:17 Romans 2:23 , 10:5 ). He proves the doctrine which he had reproved them for departing from-that of justification by faith without the works of the law, 1. 28. The blessing of justification was to Abraham by faith in the promise, not by works. By this we learn the difference between the promises of the law and those of the gospel. might be--rather, "that we may be justified by faith"; which we could not be till Christ, the object of faith, had come. Then the law, by the teaching of the Holy Spirit, becomes his loved rule of duty, and his standard for daily self-examination. 22. God gave his laws to the *Jewish people for apurpose. Christ--not in the exclusive sense, the man Christ Jesus, but "Christ" (Jesus is not added, which would limit the meaning), including His people who are part of Himself, the Second Adam, and Head of redeemed humanity. "Was it by the works of the law that ye received the Spirit (manifested by outward miracles, … It is, in truth, the only way wherein any sinners ever were, or can be justified. THEMISTIUS says the Galatians were naturally very acute in intellect. 21. Thus the Gospel, in its essential germ, is older than the law though the full development of the former is subsequent to the latter. c. Before w… Hung between heaven and earth as though unworthy of either! He is the good news. The written letter was needed SO as PERMANENTLY to convict man of disobedience to God's command. 24. This proves that baptism, where it answers to its ideal, is not a mere empty sign, but a means of spiritual transference from the state of legal condemnation to that of living union with Christ, and of sonship through Him in relation to God ( Romans 13:14 ). The revelation of God's "wrath" by the law of conscience, in some degree prepared the Gentiles for appreciating redemption through Christ when revealed. The law, on the other hand, contemplates the Jews and Gentiles as distinct seeds. The putting on of Christ according to the gospel, consists not in outward imitation, but in a new birth, an entire change. 4 Have you suffered so [c]many things in vain—if indeed it wasin vain? written--( Deuteronomy 21:23 ). 11. God makes a covenant, but it is one of promise; whereas the law is a covenant of works. What does Galatians chapter 3 mean? Deuteronomy 5:5 , "I stood between the Lord and you": the very definition of a mediator. to them that believe--to them that have "the faith of (in) Jesus Christ" just spoken of. The law was not intended to discover a way of justification, different from that made known by the promise, but to lead men to see their need of the promise, by showing the sinfulness of sin, and to point to Christ, through whom alone they could be pardoned and justified. Chapter 3. Not that the Jews put to death malefactors by hanging; but after having put them to death otherwise, in order to brand them with peculiar ignominy, they hung the bodies on a tree, and such malefactors were accursed by the law (compare Acts 5:30 , 10:39 ). Hence the phrase often recurs, "By the hand of Moses." Galatians Chapter 3 begins with Paul describing his personal argument about how they were justified by faith. I hope better things of you, for I trust you will return from legalism to grace; if so, as I confidently expect, you will not have "suffered so many things in vain" [ESTIUS]. bewitched--fascinated you so that you have lost your wits. I hear with my own ears that I cannot be saved except by the blood and death of Christ. The unity of God involves the unity of the people of God, and also His dealing directly without intervention of a mediator. The Jews began their worship by reciting the Schemah, opening thus, "Jehovah our God is ONE Jehovah"; which words their Rabbis (as JARCHIUS) interpret as teaching not only the unity of God, but the future universality of His Kingdom on earth ( Zephaniah 3:9 ). [NEANDER]. God supplies unto you the Spirit as the result of faith, not works, just as Abraham obtained justification by faith, not by works ( Galatians 3:6 Galatians 3:8 Galatians 3:16 , Galatians 4:22 Galatians 4:26 Galatians 4:28 ). is the word heard again and again in the Old Testament. "Curse," an execration. Something crazy has happened, for it’s obvious that you no longer have the crucified Jesus in clear focus in your lives. 14. Chapter 3. Christ alone can, by baptizing with His Spirit, make the inward grace correspond to the outward sign. The syllogism in this verse and Galatians 3:12 , is, according to Scripture, "The just shall live by faith." And I want to make sure we understand this in the message of Galatians. of . Had it not there for centuries rung in the ear, and fastened on the conscience, the joyful sound, "grace for grace," would not have been the watchword of the New Testament. Salem Media Group. None does so who acts in common equity. Compare the phrase, Psalms 78:50 , Margin; Psalms 31:8 . Proud member This he does from the example of Abraham, whose faith fastened upon the word and promise of God, and upon his believing he was owned and accepted of God as a righteous man. Had they been made partakers of the Holy Spirit, by the ministration of the law, or on account of any works done by them in obedience thereto? The Scripture is said to foresee, because the Holy Spirit that indited the Scripture did foresee. The conclusion is, Therefore the inheritance is not of, or from the law ( Romans 4:14 ). 23. faith--namely, that just mentioned ( Galatians 3:22 ), of which Christ is the object. Several things made the folly of the Galatian Christians worse. . Alas, that men should turn from the all-important doctrine of Christ crucified, to listen to useless distinctions, mere moral preaching, or wild fancies! Difference of sex makes no difference in Christian privileges. God would bring man into immediate communion with Him, and not have man separated from Him by a mediator that keeps back from access, as Moses and the legal priesthood did ( Exodus 19:12 Exodus 19:13 Exodus 19:17 Exodus 19:21-24 , Hebrews 12:19-24 ). Color Scheme . The covenant of promise was not "spoken" (so Greek for "made") to Abraham alone, but "to Abraham and his seed"; to the latter especially; and this means Christ (and that which is inseparable from Him, the literal Israel, and the spiritual, His body, the Church). 2 This only I want to learn from you: Did you receive the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith? Since verses 23-29 bring this argument to its climax, it will be helpful to review briefly the groundwork Paul … Continue reading "Commentary on Galatians 3:23-29" I conclude, therefore, that it is up to Christ to overcome my sins, and not up to the Law, or my own efforts. The moral law shows us what we ought to do, and so we learn our inability to do it. in the hand of a mediator--namely, Moses. In baptism we put on Christ; therein we profess to be his disciples. the same--these, and these alone, to the exclusion of all the other descendants of Abraham. And the terrors of the law are often used by the convincing Spirit, to show the sinner his need of Christ, to bring him to rely on his sufferings and merits, that he may be justified by faith. No one has a legal claim to sit upon it but Himself, He being the only living direct representative ( Ezekiel 21:27 ). Males alone had in their body circumcision, the sign of the covenant (contrast baptism applied to male and female alike); they alone were capable of being kings and priests, whereas all of either sex are now "kings and priests unto God" ( Revelation 1:6 ); they had prior right to inheritances. Though deliverance is not to be expected from the law, there is a way open to escape the curse, and regain the favour of God, namely, through faith in Christ. Well, turn with me today to Galatians 3. Accordingly, the "we," in "that we might receive the promise of the Spirit," plainly refers to both Jews and Gentiles. (10-14) From the covenant of promises, which the law could not disannul. 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