Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi. [233] However, Ganesha is worshipped by most Jains, for whom he appears to have taken over certain functions of the god of wealth, Kubera. [141] Because of Ganesha's wide appeal as "the god for Everyman", Tilak chose him as a rallying point for Indian protest against British rule. [235] The earliest known Jain Ganesha statue dates to about the 9th century. His personal belief regarding Ganesha as the god of arts was formally became prominent following the establishment of the Fine Arts Department where he took Ganesha as the seal. [195] A reference to Vighnakartṛīṇām ("Creator of Obstacles") in Vanaparva is also believed to be an interpolation and does not appear in the critical edition. "Gaṇeśa's Rise to Prominence in Sanskrit Literature". For interpolations of the term vināyaka see: For a review of major differences of opinions between scholars on dating, see: Preston, Lawrence W., "Subregional Religious Centers in the History of Maharashtra: The Sites Sacred to. He elaborates on the matter to say that references to Ganesha in the earlier Puranas, such as the Vayu and Brahmanda Puranas, are later interpolations made during the 7th to 10th centuries. [103] The Ganapati Atharvashirsa attests to this association. Basohli miniature, circa 1730. [69] The serpent is a common feature in Ganesha iconography and appears in many forms. [123] Another pattern connects Ganesha with the goddess of culture and the arts, Sarasvati or Śarda (particularly in Maharashtra). Topic. [62] This feature is so important that according to the Mudgala Purana, two different incarnations of Ganesha use names based on it: Lambodara (Pot Belly, or, literally, Hanging Belly) and Mahodara (Great Belly). From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. As Skanda fell, Ganesha rose. Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Udyan / Phool Bagh (Hindi: गणेश शंकर विद्यार्थी उद्यान / फूल बाग़, कानपुर ), earlierQueen's Park, is an urban city park in Kanpur, the industrial hub of Uttar Pradesh in North India.It has been the location for many public meetings and political rallies in Kanpur from the early twentieth century. [214] From approximately the 10th century onwards, new networks of exchange developed including the formation of trade guilds and a resurgence of money circulation. Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj University (1968 - present) For other uses, see, For thirty-two popular iconographic forms of Ganesha, see, "Ganesha getting ready to throw his lotus. Medical College Kanpur U.P. Besides violating personal rights and properties of many hostel residents, police destroyed windowpanes and door locks to get into the rooms of residents. [206] While the kernel of the text must be old, it was interpolated until the 17th and 18th centuries as the worship of Ganapati became more important in certain regions. Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi (GSV), né le 26 octobre 1890, et mort le 25 mars 1931 à Kanpur [1], est un journaliste indien, chef du Congrès national indien et un activiste indépendantiste. [23][24] The Amarakosha,[25] an early Sanskrit lexicon, lists eight synonyms of Ganesha: Vinayaka, Vighnarāja (equivalent to Vighnesha), Dvaimātura (one who has two mothers),[26] Gaṇādhipa (equivalent to Ganapati and Ganesha), Ekadanta (one who has one tusk), Heramba, Lambodara (one who has a pot belly, or, literally, one who has a hanging belly), and Gajanana (gajānana); having the face of an elephant. The second image found in Gardez has an inscription on Ganesha pedestal that has helped date it to the 5th-century. In northern India, Skanda is generally said to be the elder, while in the south, Ganesha is considered the firstborn. [200] This worship practice invokes the five deities Ganesha, Vishnu, Shiva, Devi, and Surya. [120] This view is common in southern India and parts of northern India. [32] A.K. The following morning, 1 March 2014, the late night raid carried out by police presented a sordid picture of police high-handedness and the pitched battle waged by junior doctors. [164][165] In 1993, a metal plate depiction of an elephant-headed figure, interpreted as Ganesha, was discovered in Lorestan Province, Iran, dating back to 1,200 BCE. Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology; Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Memorial Medical College (GSVM); Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur) и др. [147] In addition, several shrines are dedicated to Ganesha himself, of which the Ashtavinayak (Sanskrit: अष्टविनायक; aṣṭavināyaka; lit. [129] K.N Soumyaji says, "there can hardly be a [Hindu] home [in India] which does not house an idol of Ganapati. [85] The Ganapati Atharvashirsa includes a meditation verse on Ganesha that describes the mouse appearing on his flag. He is mostly known as the founder-editor of the Hindi language newspaper, Pratap.. Life. This example features some of Ganesha's common iconographic elements. photograph 9, "Ganesh images being taken for immersion", in: Sharma (1993 edition of Ganesha Purana) I.46.15. [207] Another highly regarded scripture, the Ganapati Atharvashirsa, was probably composed during the 16th or 17th centuries. His wide acceptance and popularity, which transcend sectarian and territorial limits, are indeed amazing. [197] Yuvraj Krishan says that the Puranic myths about the birth of Ganesha and how he acquired an elephant's head are in the later Puranas, which were composed of c. 600 onwards. ... Ganapati, being the most popular deity in India, is worshipped by almost all castes and in all parts of the country". [220] Thailand regards Ganesha mainly as the god of arts and academics. [50], Ganesha has been represented with the head of an elephant since the early stages of his appearance in Indian art. Jawahar Lal Nehru State Homoeopathic Medical College, University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Kanpur University, Kanpur Electricity Supply Company Ltd.(KESCo), Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Uttar Pradesh Textile Technology Institute, University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Kanpur, Cities and towns in Ramabai Nagar district, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ganesh_Shankar_Vidyarthi_Memorial_Medical_College&oldid=993986996, Educational institutions established in 1956, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using infobox university with the image name parameter, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 15:44. [152], Ganesha appeared in his classic form as a clearly-recognizable deity with well-defined iconographic attributes in the early 4th to 5th centuries CE. He adds that the words pallu, pella, and pell in the Dravidian family of languages signify "tooth or tusk", also "elephant tooth or tusk". The college is named after Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi, a freedom fighter and journalist from Kanpur. Jump to: navigation, search [115] Regional differences dictate the order of their births. "It seems likely that the core of the Ganesha Purana appeared around the twelfth and thirteenth centuries", she says, "but was later interpolated. Ganesha agreed but only on the condition that Vyasa recites the poem uninterrupted, that is, without pausing. You are the sun [Sūrya] and the moon [Chandrama]. The evidence for more ancient Ganesha, suggests Narain, may reside outside Brahmanic or Sanskritic traditions, or outside geocultural boundaries of India. [71] Other depictions of snakes include use as a sacred thread (IAST: yajñyopavīta)[72] wrapped around the stomach as a belt, held in a hand, coiled at the ankles, or as a throne. [68] Forms with 14 and 20 arms appeared in Central India during the 9th and the 10th centuries. Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Memorial Medical College. [191] The story of Ganesha acting as the scribe occurs in 37 of the 59 manuscripts consulted during the preparation of the critical edition. [61] Ganesha's protruding belly appears as a distinctive attribute in his earliest statuary, which dates to the Gupta period (4th to 6th centuries). [93] Paul Courtright says that Ganesha's dharma and his raison d'être is to create and remove obstacles. Several stories tell of sibling rivalry between the brothers[117] and may reflect sectarian tensions. "[203] Lawrence W. Preston considers the most reasonable date for the Ganesha Purana to be between 1100 and 1400, which coincides with the apparent age of the sacred sites mentioned by the text. In Indochina, Hinduism and Buddhism were practised side by side, and mutual influences can be seen in the iconography of Ganesha in the region. [7]He is also popular in Japan as Kangiten [8]. According to this theory, showing Ganesha as master of the rat demonstrates his function as Vigneshvara (Lord of Obstacles) and gives evidence of his possible role as a folk grāma-devatā (village deity) who later rose to greater prominence. It is situated on the Bina-Kota railway line.its std code is 07548 and pin code is 473443.Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Indian independence movement activist and journalist lived here for sometime. Media in category "Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi" The following 2 files are in this category, out of 2 total. He was an important figure in the non-cooperation movement and the freedom movement of India, who once translated Victor Hugo's novel Ninety-Three , and is mostly known as the founder-editor of the Hindi language newspaper, Pratap. At entrances of villages and forts, below pīpaḹa (Sacred fig) trees ... in a niche ... in temples of Viṣṇu (Vishnu) as well as Śiva (Shiva) and also in separate shrines specially constructed in Śiva temples ... the figure of Vighneśvara is invariably seen. 89–91, For a discussion of early depiction of elephant-headed figures in art, see, For use of RV verses in recent Ganapatya literature, see Rocher, Ludo. WikiVisually WikiVisually People Places History Art Science WikiVisually Top Lists Trending Stories Featured Videos Celebrities Cities of the World History by Country Wars and Battles Supercars Rare Coins It was founded in 1956 and named after Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi, a freedom fighter and journalist from Kanpur. [132] Dancers and musicians, particularly in southern India, begin art performances such as the Bharatnatyam dance with a prayer to Ganesha. [126], The Shiva Purana says that Ganesha had begotten two sons: Kşema (prosperity) and Lābha (profit). The festival culminates on the day of Ananta Chaturdashi, when the idols (murtis) are immersed in the most convenient body of water. [138] The festival begins with people bringing in clay idols of Ganesha, symbolising the god's visit. [47] Details of the other hands are difficult to make out on the statue shown. This is dated to the 5th-century. The gunner allegedly assaulted the two junior doctors. The Sanskrit word mūṣaka (mouse) is derived from the root mūṣ (stealing, robbing). You are (the Trimurti) Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahesa. See also His origin is to be traced to the four Vināyakas, evil spirits, of the Mānavagŗhyasūtra (7th–4th century BCE) who cause various types of evil and suffering". [155] Some of the earliest known Ganesha images include two images found in eastern Afghanistan. Mula means "original, main"; adhara means "base, foundation". [108] Ganesha holds, supports and guides all other chakras, thereby "governing the forces that propel the wheel of life". Versions of the Ganesha Sahasranama are found in the Ganesha Purana. For the "five" divinities (, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 18:09. People similar to or like Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi. They developed the Ganapatya tradition, as seen in the Ganesha Purana and the Mudgala Purana. [172] Depictions of elephant-headed human figures, which some identify with Ganesha, appear in Indian art and coinage as early as the 2nd century. [12][2] Several texts relate mythological anecdotes associated with his birth and exploits. There is an annual intake of 250 students to the MBBS course, decided by an all-India common entrance examination: NEET-UG.15% of seats comes under all-India quota and 85% of seats come under state quota. This story has no Puranic basis, but Anita Raina Thapan and Lawrence Cohen cite Santoshi Ma's cult as evidence of Ganesha's continuing evolution as a popular deity. Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi. One of the most famous mantras associated with Ganesha is Om Gaṃ Ganapataye Namah (Om, Gaṃ, Salutation to the Lord of Hosts). [128], Ganesha is worshipped on many religious and secular occasions, especially at the beginning of ventures such as buying a vehicle or starting a business. [177] Equally clearly, the second passage (RV 10.112.9) refers to Indra,[178] who is given the epithet 'gaṇapati', translated "Lord of the companies (of the Maruts). [46] A more primitive statue in one of the Ellora Caves with this general form has been dated to the 7th century. [21] Some commentators interpret the name "Lord of the Gaṇas" to mean "Lord of Hosts" or "Lord of created categories", such as the elements. [187] However, Krishan considers these hymns to be post-Vedic additions. Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi was an Indian journalist, a leader of the Indian National Congress and an independence movement activist. [160] He is, states Bailey, recognised as goddess Parvati's son and integrated into Shaivism theology by early centuries of the common era. [110] In some he was created by Parvati,[111] in another he was created by Shiva and Parvati,[112] in another he appeared mysteriously and was discovered by Shiva and Parvati[113] or he was born from the elephant headed goddess Malini after she drank Parvati's bath water that had been thrown in the river. [174], The title "Leader of the group" (Sanskrit: gaṇapati) occurs twice in the Rig Veda, but in neither case does it refer to the modern Ganesha. [232], The canonical literature of Jainism does not mention the worship of Ganesha. You are Brahman. from Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Memorial (G.S.V.M.) In the year 1968, it got affiliated to newly established Kanpur University (now Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj University).[2]. For a statement that "Fifty-nine manuscripts of the. Indian journalist, a leader of the Indian National Congress and an independence movement activist. Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi 1962 stamp of India.jpg 693 × 806; 534 KB. [189], Ganesha does not appear in the Indian epic literature that is dated to the Vedic period. He holds his own broken tusk in his lower-right hand and holds a delicacy, which he samples with his trunk, in his lower-left hand. There is no evidence of a deity by this name having an elephant or elephant-headed form at this early stage. [157] An independent cult with Ganesha as the primary deity was well established by about the 10th century. Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Memorial Medical College (GSVMMC or GSVM Medical College) is a Government run medical college in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh. [4] His image is found throughout India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Bali (Indonesia) and Bangladesh and in countries with large ethnic Indian populations including Fiji, Mauritius and Trinidad and Tobago. Harsh Vardhan was born on 13 December 1954 (age 65 years; as in 2020) in New Delhi, India. [6] The upgrading plan started with 12 other Government Medical College/Institutions on 03.08.2016 at the cost of 200 crore (Central Share: Rs. Dhavalikar says, "the references to the elephant-headed deity in the Maitrāyaṇī Saṃhitā have been proven to be very late interpolations, and thus are not very helpful for determining the early formation of the deity". [143] Ganesha is one of a number of Hindu deities who consequently reached foreign lands. According to Navneet Kumar, among the students who were seriously injured, one of them suffered a pelvic fracture. Share. Located within a 100-kilometer radius of the city of Pune, each of the eight shrines celebrates a particular form of Ganapati, complete with its own lore. Mungaoli is also famous for open jail Later, a large group of Samajwadi Party hoodlums arrived and beat up many students. [208], Ganesha Sahasranama is part of the Puranic literature, and is a litany of a thousand names and attributes of Ganesha. His antecedents are not clear. [60] The importance of this distinctive feature is reflected in the Mudgala Purana, which states that the name of Ganesha's second incarnation is Ekadanta. [146] As the god of transitions, he is placed at the doorway of many Hindu temples to keep out the unworthy, which is analogous to his role as Parvati's doorkeeper. (That is to say, You are all this). [34], In the Burmese language, Ganesha is known as Maha Peinne (မဟာပိန္နဲ, pronounced [məhà pèiɰ̃né]), derived from Pali Mahā Wināyaka (မဟာဝိနာယက). "The Wives of, For discussion on celibacy of Ganesha, see: Cohen, Lawrence, "The Wives of, For a review of associations with Buddhi, Siddhi, Riddhi, and other figures, and the statement "In short the spouses of, For associations with Lakshmi see: Cohen, Lawrence, "The Wives of, For discussion of the Kala Bou, see: Cohen, Lawrence, "The Wives of, For statement regarding sons, see: Cohen, Lawrence, "The Wives of, For worship of Ganesha by "followers of all sects and denominations, Saivites, Vaisnavites, Buddhists, and Jainas" see, For Tilak as the first to use large public images in. [88] Along these lines, Michael Wilcockson says it symbolises those who wish to overcome desires and be less selfish. Notable people with the surname include: Ashish Vidyarthi (born 1962), Indian actor; Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi (1890–1931), Indian journalist and activist; L. P. Vidyarthi (1931–1985), Indian anthropologist; Prabhudayal Vidyarthi (1922-1977), Indian politician; See also. For Ganesha's role as an eliminator of obstacles, see commentary on. Both works were developed over time and contain age-layered strata. From Wikipedia. [228] In one Tibetan form, he is shown being trodden under foot by Mahākāla,(Shiva) a popular Tibetan deity. [226] Tibetan representations of Ganesha show ambivalent views of him. [213], Ganesha was particularly worshipped by traders and merchants, who went out of India for commercial ventures. [6] Devotion to Ganesha is widely diffused and extends to Jains and Buddhists. [223] His image appears in Buddhist sculptures during the late Gupta period. ". A late interpolation to the epic poem Mahabharata (1.1.75–79[a]) says that the sage Vyasa (Vyāsa) asked Ganesha to serve as his scribe to transcribe the poem as he dictated it to him. [134] Because of his identification with the color red, he is often worshipped with red sandalwood paste (raktachandana)[135] or red flowers. चित्र:The heaven-gone svargiya Pandit Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi.jpg किसी अन्य भाषा में पढ़ें ध्यान रखें "eight Ganesha (shrines)") in Maharashtra are particularly well known. These figures are small, with an elephant head, two arms, and chubby physique. For Ganesh Chaturthi as the most popular festival in Maharashtra, see: For photograph of statue and details of inscription, see: Dhavalikar, M.K., ", "Loving Ganeśa: Hinduism's Endearing Elephant-faced God", by Subramuniya, p. 268, Kumar, Ajit, 2007. Upon Ganesha's forehead may be a third eye or the sectarian mark (IAST: tilaka), which consists of three horizontal lines. [124] He is also associated with the goddess of luck and prosperity, Lakshmi. [155] Ganesha appears in China by the 6th century, states Brown,[159] and his artistic images in temple setting as "remover of obstacles" in South Asia appear by about 400 CE. For a review of Ganesha's geographic spread and popularity outside of India. Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Udyan / Phool Bagh (Hindi: गणेश शंकर विद्यार्थी उद्यान / फूल बाग़, कानपुर ) is an urban city park in Kanpur city, the industrial hub of Uttar Pradesh in North India. He was an important figure in the non-cooperation movement and the freedom movement of India, who once translated Victor Hugo's novel Ninety-Three, and is mostly known as the founder-editor of the Hindi language newspaper, Pratap. Lala Lajpat Rai Hospital, which is also known as Hallet Hospital, is associated with GSVM, Kanpur. [184] The description of Dantin, possessing a twisted trunk (vakratuṇḍa) and holding a corn-sheaf, a sugar cane,[185] and a club,[186] is so characteristic of the Puranic Ganapati that Heras says "we cannot resist to accept his full identification with this Vedic Dantin". [19] The word gaṇa when associated with Ganesha is often taken to refer to the gaṇas, a troop of semi-divine beings that form part of the retinue of Shiva, Ganesha's father. [106] This association is also attested to in the Ganapati Atharvashirsa. [144][145] The festival also assumes huge proportions in Mumbai, Pune, and in the surrounding belt of Ashtavinayaka temples. [31], A prominent name for Ganesha in the Tamil language is Pillai (Tamil: பிள்ளை) or Pillaiyar (பிள்ளையார்). [4][5], In August 2014, the Government of India decided to upgrade the institute along with six other medical college hospitals in Uttar Pradesh, as part of phase-3 of Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY) whereby the Central Government will bear 80% of the cost of up gradation and 20% cost will be borne by State Government. [204], R.C. Shiva then replaced Ganesha's original head with that of an elephant. [21] Though the earliest mention of the word Ganapati is found in hymn 2.23.1 of the 2nd-millennium BCE Rigveda, it is however uncertain that the Vedic term referred specifically to Ganesha. Gaṇapati-Vināyaka had yet to make his debut. Another Ganesha sculpture is embedded in the walls of Cave 6 of the Udayagiri Caves in Madhya Pradesh. [20] The term more generally means a category, class, community, association, or corporation. [216], Hindus migrated to Maritime Southeast Asia and took their culture, including Ganesha, with them. Media in category "Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi award" The following 2 files are in this category, out of 2 total. [133], Devotees offer Ganesha sweets such as modaka and small sweet balls called laddus. [136], Festivals associated with Ganesh are Ganesh Chaturthi or Vināyaka chaturthī in the śuklapakṣa (the fourth day of the waxing moon) in the month of Bhadrapada (August/September) and the Ganesh Jayanti (Ganesha's birthday) celebrated on the cathurthī of the śuklapakṣa (fourth day of the waxing moon) in the month of magha (January/February)."[137]. [234] Jain ties with the trading community support the idea that Jainism took up Ganesha worship as a result of commercial connections. [218] The spread of Hindu culture throughout Southeast Asia established Ganesha worship in modified forms in Burma, Cambodia, and Thailand. [194] The term vināyaka is found in some recensions of the Śāntiparva and Anuśāsanaparva that are regarded as interpolations. Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthe Memorial Medical College ( Kanpur) Type: Public: Established: 24 April 1956: Academic affiliation. Tantra Unveiled: Seducing the Forces of Matter & Spirit By Rajmani Tigunait; Contributor Deborah Willoughby; Published 1999; Himalayan Institute Press; p. 83; This work is reproduced and described in Martin-Dubost (1997), p. 51, which describes it as follows: "This square shaped miniature shows us in a Himalayan landscape the god. [97] In Sanskrit, the word buddhi is an active noun that is variously translated as intelligence, wisdom, or intellect. (2006–2007), pp. [92] He is popularly worshipped as a remover of obstacles, though traditionally he also places obstacles in the path of those who need to be checked. You are fire [Agni] and air [Vāyu]. 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Throughout Southeast Asia known as the god of arts and academics the Sritattvanidhi, a freedom fighter and journalist Kanpur. Five major sects on an equal status Devotees believe that if Ganesha is the principle on which the manifestation outward. God 's visit in south Indian manuscripts of the Mahabharata is their omission this... 103 ] the principal of College Navneet Kumar, among the students were! Bailey edition uses a variant text, and Surya in every being the! Windowpanes and door locks to get into the rooms of residents College Navneet Kumar, among the students who seriously. Two and sixteen arms later, a leader of the Ellora Caves this... Texts, but to a public event in support of both names are Sanskrit compounds describing his belly (:. Are all this ) the forehead [ 124 ] he is mostly known Hallet. An eliminator of obstacles, see, `` Ganesha getting ready to throw his lotus [ ]. 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And territorial limits, are indeed amazing Ganesha are found in the south Ganesha. 210 ], Antariksha-loka [ space ], commercial and cultural contacts extended India 's influence Western..., GP-1993 I.46, verses 204–206 offer Ganesha sweets such as Om Shri Gaṇeshāya Namah (,.

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