Ethnicity (noun) is the identification of a person with a particular racial, cultural, or religious group.. Global America? Nigeria is a federal constitutional republic comprising of 36states and its federal capital, Abuja. BY BIRTH: Birth within the territory of Nigeria does not automatically confer citizenship. Race, what is race but a made up term created by who knows who to different classes of people based on the pigment of their skin. The Nigerian federation is a marriage of over 400 ethnic nationalities whose consents were not sought in its formation. In other words, the Nigeria, we know today, is a collection of several ethnic nationalities that have coexisted as one nation. [29] Prior to colonization in the twentieth century, Nigeria's tribes usually possessed the land as a community, such that land could not be bought or sold. Igbo society, unlike the Hausa and Yoruba, is non-hierarchical and not reliant on a centralized society. Nigerians come from multiple ethnic and religious backgrounds as the founding of Nigeria was the result of a colonial creation by the British Empire. Individuals who designate themselves as Yoruba make up approximately 21% of the population of Nigeria, making them the second biggest ethnic group in the country. The decision is up to the individual. The lands in which the Ijaw inhabit are extremely oil-rich. 9 years ago. Nigerians or the Nigerian people, are citizens of Nigeria or people with ancestry from Nigeria. Yoruba are usually identified as Christian or Muslim, although a lot of Yoruba still uphold traditional aspects of their ancestors' religious practices and beliefs. [31] In particular, cultural and political divisions between the Muslim north and the Christian south has politicized religion and caused significant political disputes in Nigeria. Rain . Lv 7. p. 77. It is not to be confused with, For a specific analysis of the population of Nigeria, see. Ulrich Beck, Natan Sznaider, Rainer Winter. Searching Greener Pastures. [23] Nigerians derive from over 250 ethnic groups and languages. [29] The British replaced unpaid household labour with wage labour. Nationality (noun) is the relationship between a person and the political state to which he belongs or is affiliated.. Speaking about Lucian Perez’s nationality, he is from the United States, and thus, he is an American citizen. They are listed below. You are a Nigerian and if you completing the American passport application then u are an American.= Dual CItizenship. Here are a few examples that will demonstrate the difference between the two. Ibibio people in the region also inquired (with the British Crown) to become their own sovereign nation within Nigeria (pre-independence). The traditional religion of Tiv, based on manipulations of forces by humans who have been entrusted by a creator God, remains strong within the Tiv populace. Information on whether or not there have been amendments since 1990 could not be found among the sources … ... Nigerian etc. This is one of the only sources of income for the group. As you read this article, you can refer back to this table to help keep things straight. The Hausa culture is homogenized, meaning, throughout Nigeria, the Hausa culture is extremely similar. They have long been opposed to Sharia law in Nigeria, with most Igbo identifying as Christian. [26] Also, most Nigerians share a strong commitment to individual liberties and democracy. Nigeria developed over time, under British colonial rule, as a federal state consisting of various ethnic groups. Tiv only make up 3.5% of the Nigerian population, making them one of the smaller ethnic groups within the country. Modern migrations have resulted in a large presence of people of Nigerian descent elsewhere in Africa, the U.S., Canada, the U.K., and in the Netherlands. To make it clearer, a person born in India and living in the US, will only have an Indian nationality, and not an American nationality. Although the Kanuri culture is rich with tradition, Boko Haram are using their lands as a base for operations, and innocent Kanuri people have been subjected to violence and Sharia law. Forming nationality adjectives and nouns from country names is not always simple in English. Fulani adopted Islam early, and a large section of the Fulani people are recognized as excellent Islamic clerics. This fundamental flaw is further deepened by the fact that these ethnic groups have very striking differences ranging from language, population, level of education and geographical terrain which was not factored into the crafting of the Nigerian State. [25] Igbo, Hausa Fulani and Ibibio people have commonly migrated to Lagos and many southerners migrate to the north to trade or work while a number of northerner seasonal workers and small-scale entrepreneurs go to the south. Kanuri people are predominately Sunni Muslims. [24] Though there are multiple ethnic groups in Nigeria, economic factors result in significant mobility of Nigerians of multiple ethnic and religious backgrounds to reside in territories in Nigeria that are outside their ethnic or religious background, resulting in the mixing of the various ethnic and religious groups, especially in Nigeria's cities. The Ijaw live in the Niger River Delta area of Nigeria and constitute around 10% of the population of the country. Because ethnicity, race, and nationality are closely related and thus lumped together on the Census, they are easily confused, frequently conflated, and incorrectly understood as being interchangeable. Nigeria is composed of various ethnic groups and cultures and the term Nigerian refers to a citizenship -based civic nationality. Nigeria is a multi-lingual society having 374 ethnic nationalities that speak 348 languages. On the other hand, nationality is the person’s membership in the nation, which reveals the individual’s relationship with the nation. Nigeria is a fascinating country; in the 36 states and Federal Capital Territory of Nigeria, there are over 500 ethnic groups and over 500 languages spoken! There is evidence of ironworking from around 600 B.C. Ethnicity and the Nigerian State. I propose that we all belong to one race which is the human race. 10 It is a part of the Nigerian culture for children to show respect to their parents and the elderly ones in society, but the way and manner this respect is demonstrated among Nigerians differ from one tribe to the other. [26] 50.6% of Nigerians are Muslims and about 47.9% are Christians. The oldest human remains found in Nigeria have been dated to 9000 B.C., though the region was likely inhabited before then. Most ethnic groups in Nigeria have formed illegal vigilante or militia groups, protecting their interests from other groups within the country. Race. Mark D. DeLancey, Rebecca Neh Mbuh. This group seeks to express many of the Kanuri grievances towards the Nigerian government. [30] These villages compose members of the ethnicity-related through ancestry as well as strangers who have been assimilated into the ethnicity. Indeed, Nigerian-Americans have more post-graduate degrees than any other racial or ethnic groups. [24] Colonization brought the notion of individuals owning land and commercialization of land began. Ethnicity has been a ground for discrimination against populations in different parts of the world, and it is known as racism or communalism for convenience or justification purposes. 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