What is Spain known for? Two major speeches influenced the creation of Spanish: the Medieval Romance language of the Kingdom of Castile and the Mozarabic dialect of the Muslim Kingdom of Toledo. The majority of these immigrants have come from the European Union, Latin America, Morocco, China, and Russia (to name a few). To find information on other destinations in Spain, and lots more interesting travel ideas, we recommend the international version of the Spain.info website. There are many other languages and dialects, some of which have co-official status in the particular region in which they are used. Aragonese is spoken Aragon by between 10,000 and 30,000 people. Catalan and Valencian are considered two varieties of the same language. The language we know today as Spanish originally derived … Currently, Spain has five official languages. Castilian Spanish (known as Castellano) is the official language and is understood everywhere. [12];0[all]&C=1[0];2[2013]&F=&S=&SCF=Galicia (2013), "INEbase / Society /Education and culture /Survey on the Involvement of the Adult Population in Learning Activities / Results/ Year 2016", "La mitad de los españoles habla un segundo idioma y 4 de cada 10 elige el inglés", "The Numbers of Spanish Speakers in the World Exceeds 500 million : Spanish Language Domains", "Reportaje | Más 'speak spanish' que en España", "Statistics of Language Usage in Catalonia", "Conselleria d' Educació, Investigació, Cultura i Esport – Generalitat Valenciana", "Euskarabidea :: Euskararen Nafar Institutua", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Official_languages_of_Spain&oldid=981878376, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Six of the sixteen autonomous communities in Spain have other co-official languages in addition to Spanish. Galician is spoken by 9% of the population of Spain, mainly in Galicia which is an autonomous region in the northwest and is related to Portuguese. Galician belongs, along with Spanish, to the group of Iberian Romance languages, and is closely related to Portuguese, with which it formed linguistic unity (Galician-Portuguese) during the Middle Ages. For autonomous communities, Catalan can be used by almost 85% of the population of Catalonia and 63.1% of the Balearic region, Galician is used by 89% of Galicians, Valencian is used by 51.8% of the residents in that community and Basque is spoken by 55.1% of the Basque population and 21.7% of people in Navarre. Spanish is the official language used in the country as prescribed by the Spanish Constitution. Spanish (sometimes called Castilian) is the only official language of the entire country and is spoken habitually and as a native language among a vast majority of the Spanish population. These are not official and are considered minority endangered languages. Spain is known for its food, Flamenco music and dance, siesta, bullfights, horses, arts and literature, architecture, a Moorish heritage, its islands, Mediterranean beaches, wines, fruits and … Spain was chosen as the setting for Bollywood movies, thanks to the passion for life of the Spanish people and the fiestas held here throughout the … Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US, Cantabrian, Extremaduran, Judaeo-Spanish, Riffian Berber, Eonavian, Fala, Portuguese, Iberian Romani, Gomeran whistled language, Spanish (Latin American Spanish), Bulgarian, Ukrainian, Arabic, English, German, Romanian, French, Italian, Portuguese, Chinese, Russian. To understand the reason for this geographical reference, we need to briefly look at the history of the Spanish language, starting from the Roman era. You'll see it called castellano here in Spain. The official language in Spain is Spanish or Castilian Spanish. Population: 130,759,074.Highlights: “Day of the Dead” festival on November 1st & 2nd each year, postcard Caribbean beaches, delicious street tacos for 60 cents, historic ruins of Chichen Itza and Teotihuacán. In Spain, which has a multicultural structure, languages such as different Basque, Catalan and Galician are spoken in various regions. It is spoken in the independent communities of Catalan, Valencia, Aragón, Murcia and on the Balearic Islands, with various regional differences.With around 11 million speakers in four countries, Catalan is also the most spoken regional language within the European Union. Tourist information about Spain: art, culture, museums, monuments, beaches, cities, fiestas, routes, cuisine, natural spaces in Spain | spain.info in english This means that citizens have the right to use these languages to communicate with the EU. Basque is the language spoken in and around Bilbao, also called “Basque Country” in Spain. The recognized regional languages are Aragonese, Asturian, and Leonese. Additionally, within Spain Catalan is also spoken, though not official, in the easternmost part of Aragon (known as La Franja)[9] and in the region of El Carche, in the northeastern region of Murcia. Unlike in Catalonia, the Valencian Community and the Balearic Islands, in Galicia the main cause of the advance of Spanish over the local language (Galician) is not immigration, but language shift. In total, Catalan is the language spoken at home by approximately 4,452,000 Spanish citizens. Not only is it the main language for these 21 sovereign states, it also serves as a key language in a handful of dependent territories. Spanish, the official language in the entire country, is the predominant native language in almost all of the autonomous communities in Spain. During the second half of the 20th century, Francoism drove the regional languages away from public use and favored the use of Spanish; the internal migrations happening around the same time contributed to the predominance of Spanish too. Co-official regional languages include Basque, Catalan, Galician, and Occitan. This has been reflected in the immigrant languages of the country which include: Latin American Spanish, Bulgarian, Ukrainian, Romanian, Arabic, English, German, French, Italian, Portuguese, Chinese, and Russian. In all of the bilingual autonomous communities, with the exception of Galicia, Spanish is actually the native language of the majority of the population, although this is due in large part to the internal migration processes that occurred in Spain from the middle of the 20th century. There is a variety of Vernacular languages spoken in Spain. Today, hundreds of millions of people speak Spanish as their first language. As the Spanish Empire spre… Castellano - the more precise name for the Spanish we know - is spoken throughout Spain and is the country's official language. Within Spain, approximately 88% of the population speaks it as their native language, and 99% are able to speak it. Many new arrivals are surprised to learn that more than one language is actually spoken in Spain. However, there are other co-official languages spoken in Spain´s many culturally diverse regions that form an important part of the Spanish cultural patrimony. The main foreign languages of Spain are English, French, and German. The autonomous communities have established the following official languages in their respective territories: Catalan in Catalonia and the Balearic Islands, Valencian (a variety of Catalan) in Valencia, Galician in Galicia, Basque in the Basque Country and a part of Navarre, and the Aranes language in the Aran Valley. Asturian is spoken in Asturias by about 100,000 native speakers and 450,000 speakers as a second language. The predominance of Spanish started in the Middle Ages with the Reconquista, expanding throughout the Kingdom of Castile (in which the language was born) and later to other areas in the Iberian peninsula; it had cultural prestige and was also spoken in part of the Kingdom of Aragon and of the Kingdom of Navarre. In fact, according to some Galician and Portuguese authors, they should still be considered a single language today despite the differences that have appeared since the Middle Ages (see Reintegrationism). As in other autonomous communities, Spanish is the language that is spoken most in urban areas of Galicia, while Galician is spoken in rural areas. Official Name: Kingdom of Spain Capital: Madrid Population: 49,331,076 (2018) Official Languages: Spanish nationwide; Catalan, Galician, Basque, Aranese regionally Currency: Euro (EUR) Form of Government: Parliamentary constitutional monarchy Climate: Temperate; clear, hot summers in interior, more … The Spanish spoken in Spain is largely the same as that spoken in Latin America, but with some key differences. Specifically, this is Castilian Spanish, castellano in Spanish, and distinct from the dialects found in many regions. At least 90% of the population speak Castilian Spanish as a first or second language. It is spoken by the inhabitants of Basque Country and northern Navarre. flag of Spain National anthem of Spain 1 Includes 58 indirectly elected seats. It is spoken in whole Spain as well as in South America. Spain also 3 other co-official languages along with Spanish. Spanish or Castilian. Castilian Spanish is the official national language of Spain. It is the official language of Andorra and is als… [13] Aranese is the native language of about 2,800 people, representing 0.007% of the population of Spain. However, you might not … Spain’s co-official languages in the EU. Las Fallas De Valencia (Festival Of Fire) No list of Spanish festivals names can … This number represents a little more than 13% of the population. It also has "respect and protection" in Castile and León, according to article 5.3 of the Organic Law 14/2007, of 30 November, from the reform of the Statute of Autonomy of Castile and León; Galician is spoken in a northwestern corner of that community. It also means that the languages can be used at meetings within the EU though here … There are six main Basque dialects and a standard variety, Standard Basque. Approximately 40% of the Spanish population live in areas with two official languages. Spanish… or Castilian? Affiliation between one subgroup or the other is a cause for active discussion. The languages of Spain, or Spanish languages (lenguas españolas or lenguas hispánicas), are those languages that are either currently or were once spoken in Spain.The main languages of Spain fall into the category of Romance languages, of which Spanish—the Castilian variety of Spanish—is the sole official language for … Aranese, a variety of Occitan/Gascon spoken in the Aran Valley, in the northwest of Lleida province, is official in this valley and from 2006 in all of Catalonia following the new Statute of Autonomy. Official Web Site of the Spanish Ministry of Education and Culture. True, Spanish is the national language and the only language you can use if you want to be understood almost everywhere. Additionally, it is also spoken by French-born individuals who currently number about 100,448. Spanish is not the only language spoken in Spain. Isabella and Ferdinand declared Castilian Spanish to be the official dialect. Spain's Official Language Spanish, also known as Castilian Spanish or just Castilian, is the official national language. Bilingualism in different degrees and in distinct communicative situations between Spanish and another language is a habitual practice for many of the Spanish people who reside in one of these autonomous communities. Catalan or Valencian have the recognition of an official language in Catalonia along with Spanish, as well as in the Balearic Islands and the Valencian Community; in Aragon, the Statute of Autonomy defines the language, along with Aragonese, as "one of the manifestations that most stand out of Aragonese history and culture and a social value of respect, coexistence, and understanding". The national language of Castilian is official through out the … More often than not, the people of Spain refer to their language as castellano rather than español because the latter can be any of the other languages spoken in the country. Basque is a co-official language with Spanish in the Basque Country and in the northern third of the Foral Community in Navarre. Basque is the only non-Romance language with official status in the country and is in fact, not related to any other language. In Galicia, Galician is the native language of 40.9% of the population, 30.9% claim Spanish as their native language, and 25.3% have both languages as native; 50.8% of the population habitually use more Galician than Spanish, while 47.8% habitually use Spanish.[10]. Spain is, along with Colombia and after Mexico and the United States, ranked third in the world as the country with the most Spanish speakers. Which Countries Recognize Sign Language As An Official Language? Spain actually has four official languages. The Spanish language is indigenous to Spain’s central … Spanish (sometimes called Castilian) is the only official language of the entire country and is spoken habitually and as a native language among a vast majority of the Spanish population. Approximately 6.1 million people in Spain were born in different countries. It is also co-official with other languages in Catalonia, Balearic Islands, Valencia, Galicia, Basque Country and the Basque zone of Navarre. About 17% of the population speaks Catalan, making its speakers one of the largest bilingual, non-state communities in Europe. In total, Galician is the language spoken at home by approximately 1,302,000 people. Two major speeches influenced the creation of Spanish: the Medieval Romance language of the Kingdom of Castile and the Mozarabic dialect of the Muslim Kingdom of Toledo. Galician has three main dialectal areas: western, central, and eastern; those are subdivided into other areas. As the Spanish Empire spread across the world in the 16th century, so too did their language. The official and national language is Spanish, co-official languages are Catalan, Galician, Basque, and Occitan. There are four co-official languages: Euskara, Galego, Català and Valencià. The majority belong to the sub-group of languages Iberian Romance, with the exception of Catalan/Valencian and Aranes, belonging to the Occitano-Romances and Aragonese. Spanish is the official language of Spain. Another 563,000 speak Galician interchangeably with Spanish. French is spoken by 12% of the population, and like English, this is a common business language. One of them, español or castellano (Spanish), is official throughout all the territory of the... See full answer below. German is spoken by only 2% of the population. 2 The constitution states that “Castilian is the Spanish official language of the State,” but that “all other Spanish languages (including Euskera [Basque], Catalan, and Galician) will also be official in the corresponding autonomous communities.” Spanish is the (or an) official language of 18 American countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela) as well as of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, along with Spain in … The official language of Spain is Spanish. In addition to Galicia, Galician is spoken in western Asturias and in the westernmost area of the provinces of Leon and Zamora. Catalan is spoken in Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, and Valencia (autonomous communities). In the Aran Valley, Spanish is the native language of 38.8% of the population (many of them born elsewhere), Aranese is the native language of 34.2% and Catalan of 19.4%, according to the data from the census in 2001. Spanish is the only official language in Asturias, Cantabria, La Rioja, Aragon, Castile and León, Madrid, Castilla-La Mancha, Extremadura, Andalusia, the Canary Islands and the region of Murcia, as well as Ceuta, Melilla, and half of Navarre. The romance language of Spanish originated in the Castile region of Spain but Spanish is not the only official language the country has. About 28% live in regions with Catalan as the official language.Source: Government of the Balearic Islands. This situation was reverted with the arrival of democracy in Spain and especially with the passing of the Constitution of 1978 which recognized the co-official status of the regional languages in their respective territories; from then on the bilingual autonomous communities began several different policies to normalize the use of their languages, a situation that had special success in the field of education. Spanish enjoys official language status in 21 countries across Europe, Africa, Central, South and North America, making it a very important global language. Besides Castilian, Galician and Basque, Catalan is one out of four official languages in Spain. Also referred to as Castilian, it is a Romance language with origins in the Castile region of Spain. During the 20th century, different opinions about whether Valencian should be considered a language of its own or a dialect of Catalan led to the, In the Basque Country, Basque is the official language in the entire territory. Catalan is the language spoken in and around Barcelona. Information available on ministry news, publications, libraries, international co-operation, statistics, intellectual property, as well as helpful directories and links. Galician is co-official in Galicia (Spanish Constitution of 1978 article 3.2 and Statute of Autonomy of Galicia article 5). Approximately 27% of the population speaks English. About 17% of the population speak Catalan, 7% speak Galician and 2% speak Basque. However, what many people don't know is that, along with Castellano, there are three other fully-developed independent languages in Spain. Presently, Spanish is predominantly spoken in most of the autonomous community, except for north-eastern areas, where Basque continues to be the prevailing language. With regard to native languages alone, Galician is the native language of 82.8% of Galicians, Catalan is the native language of 31.6% of people in Catalonia and of 42.9% of the residents in the Balearic region. In almost the entire province of, In Navarre, Basque is co-official in the area called, This page was last edited on 4 October 2020, at 23:19. In terms of officiality in the EU, as of 2004 Spain’s co-official languages were institutionalized. Do you like Bollywood movies? Now millions of native-speakers across the world use this language to communicate every day. By Amber Pariona on December 28 2020 in Society. In the following centuries Spanish continued its expansion at the expense of the languages bordering with it; this is shown clearly in the case of the Leonese and Aragonese languages, and also in the case of Basque. Some English speakers are British-born, others use English for business transactions. Soon thereafter appeared the Art of the Castilian Language, a work that helped shape and standardize the Spanish language. It gained importance in becoming an auxiliary language, along with commercial and diplomatic communication, in the 16th and 17th centuries. Spain is, along with Colombia[4] and after Mexico and the United States,[5] ranked third in the world as the country with the most Spanish speakers. With the exception of Basque, which is a language isolate, all of the vernacular languages spoken now in Spain are Romance languages, within the family of the Indo-European languages. Occitan is also spoken in Catalonia where the inhabitants use a subdialect called Aranese. The Fala of the Valley of Jalama in northwestern Extremadura is related to Portuguese and also to Galician. In Catalonia, Catalan has two main varieties: Catalan spoken in the Balearic Islands, or, In Valencia, Valencian is a western variety of the Catalan language spoken in this autonomous community. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. The varieties of the language in existence in Spain are collectively referred to as Iberian Spanish or Peninsular Spanish or European Spanis… Valencian (a variety of Catalan) is the native language of 35.2% of the population in that community and Basque is the native language of 33.7% of the Basque people and of 14.6% of those from Navarre.[3]. These languages are widely used in newspapers, books, on TV, and in local government. (in Spanish … Where Spanish was born. Latin, the origin of the Spanish language. Example: Benvingut (Welcome)Catalan is by far the most widely spoken regional language in Spain. According to the Survey of the Involvement of the Adult Population in Learning Activities[2] distributed by the National Institute of Statistics with data from 2016, in regards to the languages in Spain that are native languages or languages that are not native but used, 98.9% of the population speaks Spanish, 17.5% speaks Catalan, 6.2% speaks Galician, 5.8% speaks Valencian (a variety of Catalan) and 3.0% speaks Basque. Castilian Spanish then quickly became the official language for all educational materials and official documents in all of Spain. The official language for the whole of Spain, including Andalusia, is Spanish, as defined by t he Spanish Royal Academy of Language. Basque is spoken altogether by almost one million Spanish citizens (2.15% of the population). Also referred to as Castilian, it is a Romance language with origins in the Castile region of Spain. In Spanish, the term is translated castellano, which means “from Castile”. In all of these territories the official name for the language is Catalan, while in Valencia the official name is Valencian. If you think that Spanish or Castilian is the language of Spain, you're only partly right. Leonese is spoken in Castile and León by between 20,000 and 50,000 people. The Castilian, the official language of Spain What we refer to and consider as “Spanish language” is actually called Castilian (in Spanish “Castellano”). The official language of Spain is Spanish (or rather castellano) and is understood everywhere in the country. Spanish is the official language of Spain. According to official statistics, Spanish is the mother tongue of 81.9% of the population, Basque is 5.7% of the population's mother tongue, and 3.8% of the … Being the country which founded the language and key in its global distribution, Spain has one of the highest numbers of Spanish users in the world with 47.73 million users. Of the foreign languages spoken in Spain, three in particular have a significant role in Spanish society. Unofficial regional languages include Cantabrian (an Astur-Leonese dialect), Extremaduran (spoken in the autonomous region of Extremadura), Judaeo-Spanish (spoken by Sephardic Jews who were expelled from Spain in 1492), Riffian Berber (spoken by Muslim immigrants from Morocco, Eonavian (spoken by 45,000 native speakers), Fala (spoken by 10,500 people), Portuguese, Iberian Romani (consists of Caló and Erromintxela), and the Gomeran whistled language (used to communicate across valleys in the Canary Islands).

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