Gefällt 3.577 Mal. Construction and dimensions. The U-boat War in World War Two (Kriegsmarine, 1939-1945) and World War One (Kaiserliche Marine, 1914-1918) and the Allied efforts to counter the threat. U.S. National Register of Historic Places, Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Learn how and when to remove this template message, National Register of Historic Places listings in Gloucester, Massachusetts, National Register of Historic Places listings in Essex County, Massachusetts, Gerry E. Studds Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary, "Ninety-Nine Lives Go Out with the Wrecking of the Portland: Steamship Dashed to Pieces on the Rocky Shore of Cape Cod", "The Portland Sunk; 118 lives lost; Steamer from Boston wrecked Sunday off Cape Cod", "Passenger and Crew Lost with the Steamship, "Divers reach steamship that sank off Mass. The Maine sank as a result of an accidental magazine explosion. There have been countless thousands of published works devoted to all or of it. There are moments in military history that forever alter the flow of human events. General view from starboard beam showing location of all hits. Portland, ME » 35° Portland, ME ... Navy releases documents from Cold War-era sinking of USS Thresher, the deadliest submarine disaster in US history. Before it abated the following day, hundreds of vessels and shore properties were damaged. Advertisement. According to diver George, recovery of artifacts would be cost-prohibitive, and nearly impossible given the status of the wreck. On February 16, 1804, James, a boatswain’s mate, stood on the deck of the USS Philadelphia in Tripoli as Barbary pirates struck. USS PORTLAND after arrival at Tulagi. On September 4, 1941, a German U- boat attacked the destroyer USS Greer (DD-145) as she steamed alone toward Iceland. Sinking of USS Lexington, 8 May 1942 At about 5:30 PM, as the abandonment of Lexington was nearing completion, a large explosion tore through her hangar amidships. But there’s NEVER been anything like THIS before. A New York Times editorial said that the sinking “brushes away the last possible doubt that the United States and Germany are now at open war in the Atlantic.” “Worse than piracy,” proclaimed Navy Secretary Frank Knox, and Senator Alben Barkley of Kentucky accused the Germans of trying “to drive us off the seas, and I don’t believe the American people are ready to be driven off.” Senator George Aiken of Vermont, however, said that Roosevelt was “personally responsible for whatever lives may have been lost” because he had ordered convoy duty. American newspapers, engaging in yellow journalism to boost circulation, claimed that the Spanish were responsible for the ship's destruction. World events soon pushed the Reuben James to the side. She is best known as the namesake of the infamous Portland Gale of 1898, a massive blizzard that struck coastal New England, claiming the lives of over 400 people and more than 150 vessels.[3]. USS Portland (LSD 37) Crew List. Some did rally to the flag, however. At the time this video was made, the Grove was the largest Aritifical reef in the world. Get unlimited access to Pop Mech's best-in-class military content. Young men in Logan County, West Virginia, home of lost sailor George Woody, sought revenge. No-one did. Navy releases documents from the sinking of the Maine-built submarine USS Thresher. Germany defended the attack. In October 1935 Portland escorted USS Houston (CA-30) with US President Franklin D. Roosevelt aboard to Panama. While on leave, boatswain’s mate Frederick Post had a drink with a friend and predicted it would be the last drink they would ever have together. [9] The wreck was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2005. In Portland, Maine, where about half the crew lived, the wives of 40 crew members—“red-eyed and listless, ... Forty-three years earlier, the sinking of the USS Maine in Havana harbor had led to an outcry for war, but the sinking of the Reuben James did not spark the same reaction. Commissioned in 1931, it was by all accounts a fine ship. The next evening, she was dispatched on her first assignment to the scene of the airship Akron, which had crashed at sea. Helen O'Neill, The Associated Press — Jan 26th, 2003. The Navy performed these duties while the United States maintained its official neutrality. On November 27, 1898, Portland, having departed Boston earlier, was en route to Portland, Maine, following her traditional route. The escalating danger worried the crew of the Reuben James. USS Portland ist der Name folgender Schiffe der United States Navy: . The Kearny, a modern ship commissioned in 1940, survived the attack and reached port, but 11 sailors were killed and 22 more were injured. At some point during the storm, Portland sank off of Cape Ann with all hands, the exact number of which cannot be determined, as the only known passenger list went down with the ship. When a sword-wielding pirate attacked Lieutenant Stephen Decatur, James is said to have jumped in front of Decatur and taken the blow meant for him. The USS Portland (NCC-40424) is an award-winning Star Trek RPG set in 2392, over 10 years after the events of Voyager and Deep Space Nine. “The whole front of the ship lifted up and it was gone. PEARL HARBOR - The amphibious transport dock ship USS Portland (LPD 27) arrived in Pearl Harbor, May 29, to conduct Combat Systems Ship Qualification Trials and prepare for a unique role in exercise Rim of the Pacific. On October 31, 1941, the USS Reuben James became one of America’s first casualties of war—even before war was declared. Terrified sailors heard the depth charges arm themselves, and then the charges exploded, hurling debris and men into the air. Her skipper was Lt. Cmdr. [1] The ship's two iron boilers were constructed at the Bath Iron Works, also in Bath, Maine. This section includes over 21.000 Allied Warships and over 11.000 Allied Commanders of WWII, from the US Navy, Royal Navy, Royal Canadian Navy, Royal Australian Navy, The Polish Navy and others. Corbin Dyson and Charles Harris. It changed the world more than any other single event in history. Rescuers heard “cursing, praying, and hoarse shouts for help” from sailors struggling to stay alive. This shot shows the eagle … became a rallying cry for action. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten zum Thema Uss Portland in höchster Qualität. USS Portland - LPD 27. Damage to "S" strake at frame 70. This is a photograph of the crew of USS Eagle PE 56 taken approximately one month before the submarine chaser was sunk by a German U … “Midships was now the bow” is how fireman Norman Hingula described it. By escorting British ships, a German official said, the Reuben James became fair game: “Anybody walking along the railroad tracks at night should not be surprised if they get run over by an express train.” Senator Gerald P. Nye of North Dakota seemed to agree. Nearly 600 members of the crew died after the sinking, many of them killed by sharks. The phrase, "Remember the Maine! “You can’t expect to walk into a barroom brawl and hope to stay out of the fight,” he said. USS Portland (CA33) was the name ship of the Portland class of heavy cruisers and was heavily involved in the Pacific War, fighting at Midway, the Coral Sea, off Guadalcanal, in the Aleutians, the Gilbert and Marshall Islands, supporting operations on New Guinea, at Peleliu, and taking part in the battle of Leyte Gulf and the invasion of Okinawa. A torpedo fired by U-552 hit her on the port side, ignited her forward magazine, and blew her in half. The Royal Canadian Navy escorted the convoys to a point off Newfoundland. Among the sailors lost were Alton Cousins, who never reclaimed his gold watch, Frederick Post, who never had another drink with his friend, and Walter Sorensen, who never got his wished-for last visit home. Two of the American destroyers, USS Cushing and USS Laffey, were mortally wounded after a brief fire fight, with Laffey exploding and sinking shortly thereafter. To hell with Spain!" Deadly German U-boats were prowling the North Atlantic and feasting on Allied shipping. The first of the documents released were 300 pages from the official inquiry into the sinking of the USS Thresher on April 10, 1963. She was armed with four 4-inch guns in her main battery, torpedo tubes, depth charges, and numerous antiaircraft weapons. On the Reuben James, torpedoman Robert Howard recalled, “All you had was a pair of binoculars and a rubber ear to press against the skin of the ship to listen for [submarine] screw noises.”. In light of more recent discovery, the accuracy of this entire account is highly questionable. The sub sank while undergoing sea trials, killing all 129 aboard; it … I know you will though….” Before she could mail her letter, however, she learned that her husband would not return. According to the affidavit, George found the site by traveling to a location discovered by Captain Charles G. Carver of Rockland, Maine. Initial newspaper accounts at the time estimated the loss as from 99 to 118 persons. The act permitted President Franklin D. Roosevelt to sell, lend, or lease munitions, aircraft, weapons, and military supplies to “the government of any country whose defense the President deems vital to the defense of the United States.” Great Britain was one of those countries. He said he was “itching to get a crack at” the German Navy. “Choking on oil and water, they are like small animals caught in molasses,” artist Coale wrote. But there’s NEVER been anything like THIS before. “I know I got picked up pretty quick,” said William Bergstresser, a chief machinist’s mate. The aft part of the ship remained afloat for about five minutes. As the survivors struggled to stay afloat, unsecured depth charges from the Reuben James hit the water as the ship sank. On April 2, 1942, the same U-boat—U-552— sank the SS David H. Atwater, an unescorted collier, off the coast of Virginia. Others were torn apart.”. Thirty six minutes after receiving the message, she was underway and en route to the crash site. Portland was the lead ship of the third class of "treaty cruisers" to be constructed by the United States Navy following the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922, following the two vessels of the Pensacola class ordered in 1926 and the six vessels of the Northampton class ordered in 1927. Acting with “cold precision,” the ships and their crews rescued the few survivors. She was built in 1889 for passenger service between Boston, Massachusetts, and Portland, Maine. The first of the documents released were 300 pages from the official inquiry into the sinking of the USS Thresher on April 10, 1963. When Neda Boyd, wife of machinist’s mate Solon Boyd, heard the news on the radio, she “froze in the chair.” She felt a sense of doom because, when last home, her husband had told her, “I’m afraid we won’t be back this time.” Their six-year-old daughter heard the name of her dad’s ship on the radio and wept inconsolably. On November 27, 1898, Portland, having departed Boston earlier, was en route to Portland, Maine, following her traditional route. Nose indentation measures eight inches. Edwards, wrote to her husband, “It has been two days and still no one has told me that you are coming back to me. The Greer dodged two torpedoes and counterattacked with depth charges. USS PORTLAND. For gunner’s mate Walter Sorensen, his main wish was to come home on leave just once more, “even if it is only for a few days.” “Ol’ Rube” was not as rugged or in the same class as modern destroyers like the Kearny, but “in an emergency … these craft must be used as found,” retired Admiral William V. Pratt told Newsweek magazine. Survivors on the Reuben James saw the instantaneous damage. The site is roughly identified as follows: "Highland Light bears 175 degrees true at a distance of 4.5 miles; the Pilgrim Monument, 6.25 miles away has a bearing of 210 degrees; Race Point Coast Guard Station, bearing 255 degrees, is seven miles distant.". It changed the world more than any other single event in history. Snow supposedly recorded the affidavit of diver Al George, from Malden, Massachusetts, in pages 178-180 of his book Strange Tales from Nova Scotia to Cape Hatteras. Commissioned in February 1933, she took part in the search for survivors of the crashed airship Akron in April of that year. Portland's wooden hull was built by the Bath Iron Works in Bath, Maine. Ordered for the U.S. Navy in Fiscal Year 1930, Portland was originally designated as a light cruiser, and given the hull classification symbol CL-33, being re-designated a heavy cruiser with the symbol CA-33 on 1 July 1931, in accordanc… The table below contains the names of sailors who served aboard the USS Portland (LSD 37). The Navy will release more information in coming months but doesn’t believe the documents will shed any new light on the cause of the sinking. Commissioned on February 23, 1933, Portland was the first vessel on the scene of the crash of dirigible USS Akron (ZRS-4) that killed 73 of 76 crewmen. The wreck was the first of the sanctuary shipwrecks to be listed on the National Register of Historic Places. 6731 Whittier Avenue, Suite C-100 McLean, VA 22101, From Tolkien to Hitler: Famous Soldiers of World War I, The Battle for Omaha Beach: The Men of the D-Day Invasion, Napoleon Bonaparte’s Last Campaign: The Battle of Waterloo, Operation Barbarossa: World War II’s Eastern Front, The Battle of Gettysburg: Turning Point of the American Civil War, What Made the German Luger the Most Famous Pistol in Modern Warfare, The Essential Role of Navy PBR Boats in the Vietnam War, Francis Stebbins Bartow at First Manassas, Operation Frantic On Eastern Front: Preview Of the Cold War. “The water was so cold it would kill you in no time. The USS Tranquillity arrives at Guam, carrying survivors of the USS Indianapolis sinking. Nearby ships rushed in to save the survivors. “Hitler’s torpedo,” Roosevelt said, “was directed at every American,” but America did not go to war over this act of war. She was 314 feet long, 30 feet in the beam, and capable of speeds of up to 33 knots. 4. The pretext was that the Navy was helping to supply American troops stationed in Iceland. Dezember 2018 um 18:29 Uhr bearbeitet. On November 27, 1898, the steamer Portland departed Boston for her scheduled run to Portland, Maine. Portland was built for the Portland Steam Packet Company (later renamed Portland Steamship Company), at a cost of $250,000, to provide overnight passenger service between Boston and Portland. Welcome to the USS PORTLAND's Facebook Fan Page sponsored by the USS PORTLAND (LPD 27). 5. On November 2, Almeda Edwards, wife of Lt. Cmdr. 2. Heywood L. “Tex” Edwards, a 1926 Naval Academy graduate and a member of the 1928 U.S. Olympic wrestling team. (Luckily, Boyd survived). To her crew, she was affectionately known as “Ol’ Rube.”. The Reuben James was one of five destroyers escorting the convoy’s more than 50 merchant ships, many of which flew the Union Jack. “If it hadn’t been for those depth charges, we probably would have had another 40 or 50 survivors,” recalled Fireman Second Class George Giehrl. Did you have a friend on the good Reuben James?”. PORTLAND, Maine (AP) — The Navy began releasing documents from the investigation into the deadliest submarine disaster in U.S. history on Wednesday, but the Navy said the documents released under a court order don’t shed any new light on the cause of the sinking. Like many others, she received the dreaded news through a telegram from “C.W. [10], In 2008, five Massachusetts scuba divers became the first to reach the steamship, also known as the "Titanic of New England". Departing Boston on 1 April 1933, the cruiser arrived Gravesend Bay, New York late in the day on 3 April. While the Dominion War may be over, the quadrant is still not a safe place and there are many threats to the Federation and adventures to be had. It commemorates the sinking of the USS Maine in 1898 and was presented by the Cuban government to President Calvin Coolidge in 1928. [1] She was one of New England's largest and most luxurious paddle steamers in existence at the time, and after nine years' solid performance, she had earned a reputation as a safe and dependable vessel.[4]. The 1200-horsepower vertical-beam steam engine was constructed by the Portland Company, with a bore, or cylinder diameter, measuring 5 ft 2 in (1.57 m) across, together with a 12 ft (3.7 m) stroke. [8] The site was first located in 1989 by John Fish and Arnold Carr of American Underwater Search and Survey. Sun | Nation & World. During the rest of the 1930s, Portland operated with the U.S. Fleet in the Pacific and Caribbean areas, with occasional special assignments that took her elsewhere. Even acknowledging the likely presence of uncut diamonds in the purser's safe, George assessed the chances of recovery as a losing financial proposition, based in part on how deeply entrenched in the sand the wreck was, and how widely dispersed the impact with the bottom had spread bits and pieces of the ship. The U.S. Navy picked the convoys up there, escorted them out into the Atlantic, and handed them over to the British Royal Navy at a mid-ocean meeting point. Germany and Great Britain had been at war for two years. Of the ship’s crew, only 45 were saved; 99 sailors perished, including all seven of the ship’s officers. Roosevelt’s logic was simple: “If you see a rattlesnake poised to strike, you do not wait until he has struck before you crush him.”. Hit No. Those who survived the blast jumped into the frigid water. “The incident stirred up emotions in our hometown. For the rest of the decade she was assigned to Cruiser Division 5 of the Pacific Fleet. The Reuben James carried only two lifeboats and they were now useless. From November 1979 to January 1981 , PORTLAND underwent a regular overhaul period at Sun Shipyard in Chester, Pennsylvania. [4], The shipwreck is lying 460 feet (140 m) below the surface of the Atlantic Ocean near Gloucester, Massachusetts, at an undisclosed location within the federally-protected Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary. In Portland, Maine, where about half the crew lived, the wives of 40 crew members—“red-eyed and listless, after hours of vigil with little sleep”— awaited news of their husbands. Merchant ships of other nations, such as Great Britain, were free to tag along, and these “hitchhikers” got U.S. Navy protection. XHTML: You can use these tags:

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